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-  2016 

试论农地流转背景下乡村治理的优化
On Optimization of Rural Governance Under Background of Rural Land Transfer

Keywords: “乡政村治” 农地流转 利益主体 乡村治理
“township politics village autonomy” rural land transfer interest subject rural governance

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Abstract:

改革开放以来,农村家庭联产承包责任制的确立促成了农村“乡政村治”的治理格局。然而近年来,随着农地流转在广大农村地区兴起并产生新的利益主体,“乡政村治”治理格局呈现出参与主体扩大化和利益诉求多元化的趋势。新兴利益主体与原有“乡政村治”治理格局下的参与者既存在利益关联,又有利益冲突,原有的“乡政村治”治理格局需要与时俱进进行调整。分析农地流转背景下相关利益主体各自的角色期望和行为方式,基于农地流转的利益关系,将各利益主体置于共同参与的乡村治理框架下,并探索治理的优化,是今后广大农村地区深化改革发展的重要议题。
Since the reform and opening up, the rural household contract responsibility system has led to the establishment of rural “township politics and village autonomy” governance pattern. However in recent years, with the circulation of farmland in rural area and the rise of new subjects of interests, the “township politics and village governance” governance pattern is facing a trend of participants expansion and interests diversification. Emerging stakeholders and the participants of the original “township politics and village governance”governance pattern are associated with the interests, and also have a conflict of interests, and the original “township politics and village governance” governance structure needs to keep pace with the times to adjust. Upon analyzing the respective role expectation and motivation of relevant stakeholders under the background of rural land circulation, it is found an important issue to explore management optimization in the vast rural areas to deepen the reform development with the participation of various stakeholders in agricultural land transfer and rural governance framework.

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