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-  2015 

城镇化对于居民收入的提升效应——以河北省为例
Empirical Research on Urbanization to Increase for Urban Residents’ Income Effect——Taking Hebei Province as An Example

Keywords: 城镇化 居民收入 弹性分析 提升效应
Urbanization urban residents’ income elastic analysis increasing effect

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Abstract:

在劳动力市场分割的情况下,农村务工人员进入城镇就业市场对于城镇就业人员既有替代效应,又有互补效应。如果后者强于前者,则城镇化可以提升城镇居民的收入水平。河北省的数据显示,城镇化水平每增加1个百分点,可以拉动城镇居民收入提高2.6个百分点;进一步分解,城镇化率每提高1个百分点可以提升工资性收入、经营净收入、财产性收入和转移性收入分别为1.99、5.36、0.93、3.30个百分点;从长期看,城镇居民可支配收入与城镇人口数量、人均GDP之间具备协整关系,即城镇人口数量每提高1个百分点,城镇居民的可支配收入将下降0.39个百分点;人均GDP每提高1个百分点,城镇居民可支配收入相应提高0.95个百分点。为更好地发挥城镇化对居民收入的提升作用,一要注重城市群网络和小城镇的引领作用;二要加快产业结构调整,优化就业结构;三要建立长效机制,用制度来保障城市居民收入提高;四要改变传统观念,促进新市民社会的形成。
Based on the segmentation of the labor market, rural workers into urban employment market for urban resident have the substitution effect, and complementary effect. If the latter is stronger than the former, urbanization will raise the income level of urban residents. The data of Hebei province show that the level of urbanization increased by 1 percentage point, can pull the income of urban residents increased by 2.6 percentage points;And further, the urbanization rate increased by 1 percentage point, can improve the wage income, operating income, property income and transfer income increased by 1.99, 5.36, 0.93, 3.30 percentage points respectively; In the long term, there is a co integration relation among disposable income of urban residents, the number of urban population and GDP per capita;every percentage point increase in the unmber of urban population drop disposable income of urban residents by 0.39 percentage points; every percentage point increase in GDP per capita raise disposable income of urban residents by 0.95 percentage points. In order to better play the role of urbanization to promote urban residents’ income, here are a few things to keep in mind. First, pay attention to the leading function of city group network and small towns. Second, accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure, and optimize the structure of employment. Third, establish the long term mechanism to ensure the improvement of urban residents’ income. Finally, change the traditional ideas, and promote the formation of new civil society.

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