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-  2015 

协商民主在城中村治理中的价值与实践

Keywords: 协商民主 城中村治理 基层治理Value and Practice of Deliberative Democracy in Governance of Villages Inside Cities
deliberative democracy governance of villages inside cities grassroots governance

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Abstract:

城市化加速发展和社会结构深刻变化,使城中村及村转居社区治理面临许多新挑战。一方面,该区域各种社会矛盾和社会问题呈集中多发态势,另一方面,城中村居民自主管理、民主法制意识和利益诉求在不断提升,而基层政府管理体制和工作方法却存在诸多不适应的地方,致使社区治理绩效难以达致理想状态。因此,探寻政府行政管理和基层群众自治衔接互动的最佳结合点,成为理论和实践的难题。协商民主在很大程度上适应了城中村治理中实现政府与村(居)民良性互动的要求,同时也为城市基层治理提供了有效的利益整合机制、公共参与机制和协商沟通机制。鉴于目前基层协商机制运行尚处于实践探索阶段,故应着力于协商民主制度的完善和协商主体能力的培养,以切实推动城中村社会治理改革创新。
The accelerated development of city and the profound changes in social structure make the villages inside cities and the community governance face many new challenges. On the one hand, various social contradictions and social problems in the region are concentrated and of multiple trend.On the other hand, the independent management, the democratic and legal consciousness and interest demand of the residents are rising, while the local government management system and working methods have many unsuitable points,which makes the community governance performance difficult to achieve the ideal state.Therefore,to explore the best combination of interface interaction between government administrative management and grassroots mass autonomy has been a difficult problem in both theory and practice. Deliberative democracy largely not only meets the demand of benign interaction between government and villagers in governance of villages inside cites,but also provides the mechanism of interests integration,effective public participation mechanism and negotiation mechanism for the grassroots governance of the city.With the current operation of grassroots negotiation mechanism still in the exploratory stage,we should focus on the improvement of deliberative democracy system and the cultivation of the ability of the deliberative body so as to effectively promote the reform and innovation of society governance of villages inside cities.

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