地区公共服务供给与转移支付减贫效应研究-基于多维贫困分析框架 Research on the Relationship Between Regional Provision of Public Service and Transfer Payments' Effect for Poverty Reduction Based on the Framework of Multidimensional Poverty
从宏观与微观相结合的角度，考察宏观上一个地区的公共服务供给能力是否会影响到转移支付的减贫效果。从多维贫困的研究视角出发，利用CHNS数据库考察了个人特征和家庭特征对贫困的影响；在此基础上利用分层模型将地区公共服务供给能力这种宏观因素和微观因素相结合，探究了不同公共服务供给能力对转移支付减贫效应的影响，同时也与收入贫困框架下的结果进行对比分析。结果显示：就多维贫困来讲，地区公共服务供给能力高的地区转移支付减贫效应有加强效果；转移支付对收入贫困的改善则不受地区公共服务水平的制约。 Combining macro level and micro level, this paper discusses whether the regional provision of public service will affect the poverty reduction effect of transfer payments. This paper is mainly based on multidimensional poverty perspective, and use CHNS to research the effects of personal characteristics and family characteristics on poverty. Then we use multilevel models to combine micro factors with macro factors--regional provision of public service to explore the effects of different public service to the poverty reduction effect of transfer payments, contrasted with the results under the framework of income poverty. The conclusions show that, in multidimensional poverty condition, higher levels of public services in one area, better poverty reduction effect of transfer payments. Transfer payments effect on income poverty reduction has nothing to do with regional provision of public service.