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-  2015 

协同治理型群众组织与“乡政村治”体制转轨
The Collaborative Governance Mass Organization and the Transformation of “Township Government and Rural Autonomy”

Keywords: 乡政村治 村民自治 乡村治理 协同治理型群众组织
Township government and rural autonomy management
, Rural autonomy, Rural governance, Collaborative governance mass organization

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Abstract:

我国乡村治理中近年来出现的一种由政府积极培育和扶持广泛参与乡村治理事务并且具有深厚群众基础的新型社会组织,对乡村治理体制产生了显著影响。本文以山东新泰平安协会和广东云浮自然村乡贤理事会为案例,分析这种新型社会组织对乡村治理体制的影响。通过对两个案例的归纳发现,二者具有职能上的治理性、组织上的群众性和运作上的协同性三个显著特征,并由此决定了它们既不同于准政府组织,也不同于非政府组织。本文用“协同治理型群众组织”来概括这种社会组织,并且分析认为协同治理型群众组织嵌入到当前乡村治理体制中,搭建了政府与社会良性互动的平台,实现了自治与行政的合理分工与有效衔接,从而推动了“乡政村治”的体制性转轨。
In recent years, A new type of social organization of rural governance by the government to actively foster and support the broad participation of rural governance matters and has a solid mass foundation for rural governance system had a significant impact. This article takes Xintai ping-an associations in Shandong province and Yunfu Xiang-xian associations in Guangdong province as examples, to analyze the impact of this new social organization. By generalizing the two cases, we found that there are three significant features as the functions of governance, organizational mass and collaborative work thus their decision is different from the quasi-governmental organizations, but also from NGO. In this article, we use "collaborative governance mass organization " to sum up the new type social organization, and analyze that collaborative governance mass organization embedded in the current system of rural governance, build a platform for positive interaction between the Government and society,achieve a reasonable division of labor and administrative autonomy and effective interface, thereby promoting the transition of " township government and rural autonomy " system.

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