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-  2017 

我国古代陶瓷婴戏图中的体育活动及价值取向
Sports Activities and Its Value Orientation of Baby Playing Paintings in China's Ancient Ceramics

DOI: 10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.11.021

Keywords: ancient sport baby play paintings ceramics baby sport sports relics sports culture

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Abstract:

摘要:对我国古代陶瓷婴戏图中的体育活动进行研究能充分了解和再现古代少儿体育活动面貌,并进一步了解古代少儿体育与社会、生活的关系,同时深入挖掘此艺术形式的体育学意义和所内隐的社会价值。研究在考古学的基础上,从体育学角度出发,结合符号学、图像学、民俗学、社会学、艺术学、美学等视野,采用文献资料、田野和实地考察、定性分析和交叉研究等方法进行。结果认为:以体育为素材的古代陶瓷婴戏图是我国古代少儿体育丰富多彩的艺术再现和历史物证,其将少儿体育活动形象作为创作素材的初衷并非表达体育本身,而是表现古代少儿日常生活,并表达一定的社会理想和意愿,但其无意中传达了一条重要历史信息,即体育活动是古代少儿日常娱乐和休闲的主要内容,其活动形式受到古代体育世俗化、娱乐化和休闲化大背景的影响;同时其内隐了特定的历史和社会价值,隐含了中国传统的吉祥、寓意和生殖文化理念,折射了当时的社会状况和一定的政治意图,这些都或多或少、有意无意地显示了古代体育所具有的社会功能,其中许多美好愿景和有价值的社会观念也是现代社会所需要的,现代社会和体育可以从中汲取精华或受到启发。
Abstract: Studying on the sports activities of baby playing paintings in China’s ancient ceramics can help us understand and reproduce the ancient baby’s sports activities, and help us dig into its meaning of sport and its social value. Based on archaeology, this study analyzed the sports activities of baby playing paintings in China’s ancient ceramics from the perspectives of sports science, semiotics, image science, folklore, sociology, art and aesthetics by the methods of literature review, field investigation, qualitative analysis and interdisciplinary research. Conclusions: The baby playing paintings in China’s ancient ceramics are the artistic reproduction and historical evidence of ancient children's sports in China; the original intention of baby painting with sports activities is to express children’s daily life and social ideals and wishes rather than express sports, and baby paintings convey that sports activity is ancient children’s main daily entertainment and leisure activities, and their form is influenced by ancient sports secularization, entertainment and leisure. The baby playing paintings in China’s ancient ceramics include specific historical and social value, Chinese traditional auspicious meaning and reproductive culture, reflect the prevailing social conditions and certain political intentions, and show the social function of ancient sports more or less; the good vision and valuable social values in them are also needed by modern society, and modern society and sports can derive the essence or inspiration form them

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