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-  2018 


DOI: 10.13360/j.issn.2096-1359.2018.01.023

Keywords: 悬铃木, 树皮特征, 木材美学, 产品设计
Platanus acerifolia
, bark characteristics, wood aesthetics, product design

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悬铃木生长快、树形优美,多用作行道和园林绿化树种。开展悬铃木树皮美学属性的研究,以进一步发掘其美学利用价值。该研究从美学角度分析了不同树龄时期悬铃木树皮的美学特征,采用不同的构图方式创作出多种形式的美学图案,并将这些美学图案应用于服装、皮包、家具等产品的研发设计,获得3种悬铃木树皮美学应用的设计作品。研究结果表明,不同时期的悬铃木树皮外观特征存在较大差异:幼龄期树皮表面平滑,均匀分布着由皮孔与树皮射线形成的灰白色斑点; 老龄期树皮多为黄褐色,呈碎裂状条片层叠堆积。这两个时期的树皮图形单调,美学利用价值较低。成熟期的树皮多为绿褐色,凹凸不平的不规则形斑块构成丰富多变的图形,色彩丰富、层次分明、肌理粗犷朴实、构型奇异多样、线条流畅自然,是点、线、面的完美组合,具有很好的审美价值,可以作为美学素材应用于日用产品的美学设计。
With fast-growing and beautifully-shaped features, Platanus acerifolia is often used as a tree species for landscaping. This study investigated the aesthetic attributes of the bark of P. acerifolia, as well as its aesthetic value. Firstly, the aesthetic characteristics of the bark for different ages were analyzed from the aesthetic point of view. Then aesthetic patterns of various forms were created through different composition methods, which included the natural aesthetic pattern, the quartet continuous aesthetics pattern, the fractal geometrical aesthetic pattern and the fractal geometrical and quartet continuous aesthetic pattern. The created aesthetic patterns were used in the development and design of daily-use products, such as hand bags, clothes, furniture. The results showed that there were significant differences in the bark of P. oriental at different growth periods. The appearance of young P. acerifolia bark was smooth and evenly covered with gray-white spots formed by lenticels and bark rays evenly distributed. The appearance of old P. acerifolia bark was yellow-brown and covered with broken pieces. The patterns in these two periods were monotonous and the aesthetic value was low. The appearance of mature P. acerifolia bark was greenish-brown, with irregular patches on the surface, meandering lines between adjacent patches, and gray-white spots of lenticels and bark rays. The mature bark was rich in color, distinct in hierarchy, rugged and simple in texture, varied in configuration, smooth and natural in line, which was perfect combination of points, lines, and faces. The mature bark of P. acerifolia provided numerous elemental sources for the aesthetic patterns with great aesthetic value, which could be used as special materials in aesthetic design of daily-use products


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