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Could Bladder Inflation Prior to Cesarean Section Prevent Urinary Tract Injury in High Risk Group? A Randomized Controlled Trial

DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2019.92021, PP. 207-215

Keywords: Bladder Inflation, Urinary Tract Injury (UTI), Cesarean Section (CS)

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Abstract:

Background: Accidental urinary tract particularly bladder injury during cesarean delivery has a significant maternal morbidity, as it may lead to extended operative time, infection of urinary tract and sometimes development of urinary tract fistulae. Objective: To find out the efficacy of urinary bladder inflation immediately prior to cesarean section (CS) procedure in minimizing incidence of accidently urinary tract injury in high risk patients. Setting: Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt. Duration: From August 2017 to November 2018. Study Design: A prospective randomized controlled trial. Methods: Seventy six pregnant women recruited from attendants of outpatient antenatal care unit of obstetrics and gynecology department who planned for cesarean delivery and carried one or more risk factors for urinary tract injury. Patients randomly were classified into 2 groups (group I included 38 cases, underwent bladder inflation using triple way Foley’s catheter immediately before CS and group II included 38 cases, and underwent bladder deflation with 2 ways Foley’s catheter immediately before CS. Results: The overall incidence of urinary tract injury was significantly higher in group II (7 cases = 18.4%) than in group I (2 cases = 5.2%) with

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