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Treatment Patterns and Mortality Risk among Elderly Patients with Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer in the United States: An Observational Cohort Study Using SEER-Medicare Data

DOI: 10.4236/jct.2019.102009, PP. 117-133

Keywords: Triple Negative Breast Cancer, Elderly Patients, Chemotherapy, Survival

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Purpose: Triple negative breast cancer is more aggressive than other breast cancer subtypes and accounts for up to 20% of all breast cancers. Despite the poorer prognosis, there are no approved targeted treatments available and chemotherapy remains the only choice. We examined treatment patterns and outcomes among elderly metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) patients in routine clinical practice. Methods: Patients were identified from the linked SEER-Medicare database between 1/1/2001 and 12/31/2013 and included de novo Stage IV (n = 776) and patients with distant metastasis followed an initial diagnosis of Stage I - III disease (n = 1851). Kaplan-Meier analyses and time-varying Cox proportional hazards regression were used to assess overall survival (OS). Results: The mean age at metastatic diagnosis was 77.6 years and 1259 (48%) patients received chemotherapy. Compared to <70 year olds, ≥70 year olds had worse performance status, higher


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