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Comparison of Rehabilitation Outcomes with Acoustic Radiation Force (ARFI) Elastosonography in Hemiplegic Patients Treated with Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation

DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2019.71001, PP. 1-11

Keywords: Hemiplegia, Rehabilitation, Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse, Elastography, Electrical Stimulation

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Abstract:

To evaluate the gastrocnemius/soleus and biceps brachii muscle stiffness by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) elastography in the hemiplegia patients, sixty patients with hemiplegia after stroke were recruited. Baseline data were collected including age, gender, body mass index, education level, dominant side, affected side, time since stroke, stroke etiology. All patients were evaluated with before treatment and posttreatment with Broonstroom staging, Modified Ashworth spasticity scale, and Functional Independence Measures scale. The patient was divided into 3 groups: 1) Neuromuscular electrical stimulation group, 2) Rehabilitation group, 3) Neurumusculer electrical stimulation + Rehabilitation group. Affected and unaffected side biceps and gastrocnemius, ARFI elastography measurements were used to measure thickness and elastic values. In addition, before and after

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