All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Health  2019 

Black Community College Students and Opinions and Beliefs on Weight in the Community: A Focus Group Study

DOI: 10.4236/health.2019.111007, PP. 57-66

Keywords: Overweight, Focus Groups, Young Adult, Minority Groups

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Objective: The purpose of this study was to better understand black community college students’ beliefs on obesity in their community. Methods: Participants were 18 - 21 years old and African American/Hispanic Black. Focus group sessions were conducted with a discussion guide. Thematic analysis was used to analyze results. Results: Five focus groups were conducted. Four major themes emerged: My Culture Matters, The Effects of Slavery are Still Present, Meet Me Where I Want to Be, Not Where Society Wants Me, and If They Have Been Fat, They Get Me. It is clear that weight programs need to be sensitive to cultural preferences. Conclusion: Our results present unique factors related to overweight/obesity in the Black community.


[1]  Flegal, K., Graubard, B., Williamson, D. and Gail, M. (2005) Excess Deaths Associated with Underweight, Overweight, and Obesity. JAMA, 293, 1861-1867.
[2]  Gortmaker, S., Must, A., Perrin, J., Sobol, A. and Dietz, W. (1993) Social and Economic Consequences of Overweight in Adolescence and Young Adulthood. New England Journal of Medicine, 329, 1008-1012.
[3]  Poirier, P., Giles, T., Bray, G., et al., American Heart Association, Obesity Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (2006) Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease: Pathophysiology, Evaluation, and Effect of Weight Loss: An Update of the 1997 American Heart Association Scientific Statement on Obesity and Heart Disease from the Obesity Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation, 113, 898-918.
[4]  Ogden, C., Carroll, M., Kit, B. and Flegal, K. (2014) Prevalence of Childhood and Adult Obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. JAMA, 311, 806-814.
[5]  Desai, M., Miller, W., Staples, B. and Bravender, T. (2008) Risk Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in College Students. Journal of American College Health, 57, 109-114.
[6]  Greaney, M., Less, F., White, A., et al. (2009) College Students’ Barriers and eNablers for Healthful Weight Management: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 41, 281-286.
[7]  Gropper, S., Simmons, K., Connell, L., et al. (2012) Weight and Body Composition Changes during the First Three Years of College. Journal of Obesity, 2012, Article ID: 634048.
[8]  Lacaille, L., Dauner, K., Krambeer, R. and Pederson, J. (2011) Psychosocial and Environmental Determinants of Eating Behaviors, Physical Activity, and Weight Change among College Students: A Qualitative Analysis. Journal of American College Health, 59, 531-538.
[9]  Smith-Jackson, T. and Reel, J. (2012) Freshman Women and the “Freshman 15”: Perspectives on Prevalence and Causes of College Weight Gain. Journal of American College Health, 60, 14-20.
[10]  Stephens, J., Moscou-Jackson, G. and Allen, J. (2015) Young Adults, Technology, and Weight Loss: A Focus Group Study. Journal of Obesity, 2015, Article ID: 379769.
[11]  American College Health Association (2015) National College Health Assessment II: Undergraduate Student Reference Group Executive Summary.
[12]  Anderson, D., Shapiro, J. and Lundgren, J. (2003) The Freshman Year of College as a Critical Period for Weight Gain: An Initial Evaluation. Eating Behaviors, 4, 363-367.
[13]  Fedewa, M., Das, B., Evans, E. and Dishman, R. (2014) Change in Weight and Adiposity in College Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47, 641-652.
[14]  Capodilupo, C. and Kim, S. (2014) Gender and Race Matter: The Importance of Considering Intersections in Black Women’s Body Image. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 61, 37-49.
[15]  Kwarteng, J., Schulz, A., Mentz, G., Israel, B., Shanks, T. and Perkins, D. (2016) Neighborhood Poverty. Perceived Discrimination and Central Adiposity in the USA: Independent Associations in a Repeated Measures Analysis. Journal of Biosocial Science, 48, 709-722.
[16]  Gary, T., Gross, S., Browne, D. and LaVeist, T. (2006) The College Health and Wellness Study: Baseline Correlates of Overweight among African Americans. Journal of Urban Health, 83, 253-265.
[17]  Jasienska, G. (2009) Low Birth Weight of Contemporary African Americans: An Intergenerational End of Slavery? American Journal of Human Biology, 21, 24.
[18]  Educational Broadcasting Corporation (2004) Slavery and the Making of America.
[19]  D’alonzo, K. and Fischetti, N. (2008) Cultural Beliefs and Attitudes of Black and Hispanic College-Age Women toward Exercise. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 19, 175-183.
[20]  Franko, D., Coena, E., Roehriga, J., et al. (2012) Considering J.Lo and Ugly Betty: A Qualitative Examination of Risk Factors and Prevention Targets for Body Dissatisfaction, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in Young Latina Women. Body Image, 9, 381-387.
[21]  Webb, O.J., Benjamin, C.C., Gammon, C., McKee, H.C. and Biddle, S.J.H. (2013) Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Physical Self-Perceptions in Adolescent Girls: A Mediation Analysis. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 6, 24-29.
[22]  Webb, J., Warren-Findlowb, J., Choua, Y. and Adams, L. (2013) Do You See What I See? An Exploration of Inter-Ethnic Ideal Body Size Comparisons among College Women. Body Image, 10, 369-379.


comments powered by Disqus