All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Investigation of Atmospheric Turbidity at Ghardaïa (Algeria) Using Both Ground Solar Irradiance Measurements and Space Data

DOI: 10.4236/acs.2019.91008, PP. 114-134

Keywords: Solar Radiation, Turbidity Parameters, Angstr?m Coefficient, Aerosols Investigation, Radiometric Models

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Four radiometric models are compared to study the Angstr?m turbidity coefficient \"\" over Gharda?a (Algeria). Five years of global irradiance measurements and space data recorded with MODIS are used to estimate \"\". The models are referenced as \"\" for Dogniaux’s method, \"\" for Louche’s method, \"\" for Pinazo’s method, \"\" for Gueymard’s method and by \"\" for MODIS data. The results showed that \"\" and \"\" are very close as the couple \"\" and \"\". \"\" values are between them. Results showed also that all Angstr?m coefficient curves have the same annual trend with maximum and minimum values respectively in summer and winter months. Annual mean values of \"\" increased from 2005 to 2008 with a slight jump in 2007 except for \"\". The city environment explains it since the urban aerosols predominate over all other types during this period. The jump in 2007 is attributed to the ozone layer thickness that undergoes the same behavior. Some models are then more sensitive to this atmospheric component than others. The occurrence frequency distribution showed that \"\", \"\" , \"\" ,

References

[1]  Djafer, D. and Irbah, A. (2013) Estimation of Atmospheric Turbidity over Ghardaia City. Atmospheric Research, 450, 46-51.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2013.03.009
[2]  Lopez, G. and Batlles, F.J. (2004) Estimate of the Atmospheric Turbidity from Three Broad-Band Solar Radiation Algorithms, a Comparative Study. Annales Geophysicae, 22, 2657-2668. https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-22-2657-2004
[3]  Angström, A. (1929) On the Atmospheric Transmission of Solar Radiation and on Dust in the Air. Geografiska Annaler, 2, 156-166. https://doi.org/10.2307/519399
[4]  Angström, A. (1930) On the Atmospheric Transmission of Solar Radiation. Geografiska Annaler, 12, 130-159. https://doi.org/10.2307/519561
[5]  Angström, A. (1961) Techniques of Determining the Turbidity of the Atmosphere. Tellus, 13, 214-223. https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v13i2.9493
[6]  Angström, A. (1964) The Parameters of Atmospheric Turbidity. Tellus, 16, 64-75.
https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v16i1.8885
[7]  Dogniaux, R. (1974) Repréntations analytiques des composantes du rayonnement lumineux solaire. Conditions du ciel serein. Institut Royal de Métiorologie de Belgique, Serie A No. 83, 3-24.
[8]  Louche, A., Peri, G. and Iqbal, M. (1986) An Analysis of Linke Turbidity Factor. Solar Energy, 37, 393-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(86)90028-9
[9]  Pinazo, J.M., Canada, J. and Boscá, J.V. (1995) A New Method to Determine the Angström’s Turbidity Coefficient: Its Application to Valencia. Solar Energy, 54, 219-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(94)00117-V
[10]  Gueymard, C. and Vignola, F. (1998) Determination of Atmospheric Turbidity from the Diffuse-Beam Broadband Irradiance Ratio. Solar Energy, 63, 135-146.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-092X(98)00065-6
[11]  Grenier, J. C., De La Casiniere, A. and Cabot, T. (1994) A Spectral Model of Linke’s Turbidity Factor and Its Experimental Implications. Solar Energy, 52, 303-314.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(94)90137-6
[12]  Kasten, F. (1980) A Simple Parameterization of the Pyrheliometric Formula for Determining the Linke Turbidity Factor. Meteorologische Rundschau, 33, 124-127.
[13]  Kasten, F. (1996) The Linke Turbidity Factor Based on Improved Values of the Integral Ayleigh Optical Thickness. Solar Energy, 56, 239-244.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(95)00114-7
[14]  Kasten, F. (1988) Elimination of the Virtual Diurnal Variation of the Linke Turbidity Factor. Meteor. Rdsch, 41, 93-94.
[15]  Trabelsi, A. and Masmoudi, M. (2011) An Investigation of Atmospheric Turbidity over Kerkennah Island in Tunisia. Atmospheric Research, 101, 22-30.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.03.009
[16]  Canada, J., Pinazo, J.M. and Boscá, J.V. (1993) Determination of Angström’s Turbidity Coefficient at Valencia. Renewable Energy, 3, 621-626.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-1481(93)90068-R
[17]  Iqbal, M. (1983) An Introduction to Solar Radiation. Academic Press, Toronto.
[18]  Machler, M.A. (1983) Parameterization of Solar Radiation under Clear Skies. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
[19]  Machler, M.A. and Iqbal, M. (1985) A Modification of the ASHRAE Clear Sky Irradiation Model. ASHRAE Transactions, 91, 106-115.
[20]  Louche, A., Maurel, M., Simonet, O., Peri, G. and Iqbal, M. (1987) Determination of Angström’s Turbidity Coefficient from Direct Solar Irradiance Measurements. Solar Energy, 38, 89-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(87)90031-4
[21]  Gueymard, C. (1995) SMARTS2, Simple Model of the Atmospheric Radiative Transfer of Sunshine: Algorithms and Performance Assessment. Rep. FSEC-PF-270-95, Florida Solar Energy Center. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2007.08.003
[22]  Chaabane, M. (2008) Analysis of the Atmospheric Turbidity Levels at Two Tunisian Sites. Atmospheric Research, 87, 136-146.
[23]  Chaiwiwatworakul, P. and Chirarattananon, S. (2004) An Investigation of Atmospheric Turbidity of Thai Sky. Energy and Buildings, 36, 650-659.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2004.01.032
[24]  Li, D.H.W. and Lam, J.C. (2002) A Study of Atmosphere Turbidity for Hong Kong. Renewable Energy, 25, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-1481(01)00008-8
[25]  Janjai, S., Kumharn, W. and Laksanaboonsong, J. (2003) Determination of Angstrom’s Turbidity Coefficient over Thailand. Renewable Energy, 28, 1685-1700.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-1481(03)00010-7
[26]  Karayel, M., Navvab, M., Ne’eman, E. and Selkowitz, S. (1984) Zenith Luminance and Sky Luminance Distributions for Daylighting Calculations. Energy and Buildings, 6, 283-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-7788(84)90060-4
[27]  Littlefair, P.J. (1994) The Luminance Distributions of Clear and Quasi-Clear Skies. Proceedings of the CIBSE National Lighting Conference, Cambridge, 267-283.
[28]  Perez, R., Seals, R. and Michalsky, J. (1993) All-Weather Model for Sky Luminance Distribution-Preliminary Configuration and Validation. Solar Energy, 50, 235-245.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(93)90017-I
[29]  Ichoku, C., Kaufman, Y.J., Remer, L.A. and Levy, R. (2004) Global Aerosol Remote Sensing from MODIS. Advances in Space Research, 34, 820-827.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2003.07.071
[30]  Torres, O., Decae, R., Veefkind, P. and de Leeuw, G. (2002) OMI Aerosol Retrieval Algorithm. Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document: Clouds, Aerosols, and Surface UV Irradiance. Vol. III, ATBD-OMI-03, Version 2.0.
[31]  Wright, J., Perez, R. and Michalsky, J. (1989) Luminous Efficacy of Direct Irradiance: Variations with Insolation and Moisture Conditions. Solar Energy, 42, 387-394.
[32]  Leckner, B. (1978) The Spectral Distribution of Solar Radiation at the Earth’s Surface. Solar Energy, 20, 143-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(78)90187-1
[33]  Gueymard, C. (1994) Analysis of Monthly Average Atmospheric Precipitable Water and Turbidity in Canada and Northern United States. Solar Energy, 53, 57-71.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-092X(94)90606-8
[34]  Boscaa, J.V., Canada, J., Pinazo, J.M. and Ruiz, V. (1996) Angström’s Turbidity Coefficient in Seville, Spain in the Years 1990 and 1991. International Journal of Ambiant Energy, 17, 171-178. https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.1996.9675240
[35]  Gueymard, C. (1989) A Two-Band Model for the Calculation of Clear Sky Solar Irradiance, Illuminance, and Photosynthetically Active Radiation at Earth’s Surface. Solar Energy, 43, 253-265. https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-092X(89)90113-8
[36]  Gueymard, C. (2012) Clear-Sky Irradiance Predictions for Solar Resource Mapping and Large-Scale Applications: Improved Validation Methodology and Detailed Performance Analysis of 18 Broadband Radiative Models. Solar Energy, 86, 2145-2169.
[37]  Djafer, D., Irbah, A. and Zaiani, M. (2017) Identification of Clear Days from Solar Irradiance Observations Using a New Method Based on the Wavelet Transform. Renewable Energy, 101, 347-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.08.038
[38]  Wen, C.C. and Yeh, H.H. (2009) Analysis of Atmospheric Turbidity Levels at Taichung Harbor near the Taiwan. Atmospheric Research, 94, 168-177.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.05.010
[39]  Zaiani, M., Djafer, D. and Chouireb, F. (2016) Classification of Aerosol Types over Ghardaia, Algeria, Based on MODIS Data. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 7, 745-749.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus