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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among Adolescents Schooled in Public Schools

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105019, PP. 1-25

Keywords: Adolescent, Schooling, Traumatic Event, CPTS-RI, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

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Abstract:

Objective: A traumatic event has a negative impact on the psychological well-being of adolescents, the purpose of our study is to assess the post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD in adolescents in public schools of the prefecture of Salé in Morocco, to evaluate comorbid disorders and thus to study the effect of PTSD on their social and academic life. Method and measures: 871 school adolescents who completed the objectives of the study, their age varied between 12 and 17 years and they completed by themselves the questionnaires concerning socio-demographic data, a list of life events, the CPTS-RI (Children’s Post Traumatic Stress Reaction Index) for assessing the symptoms of PTSD, STAIY (State Trait Inventory Anxiety) and CDI (Children Depression Inventory). Results: A large proportion of post-traumatic stress disorder was found in students with 63.9% but with different levels (19.5% PTSD low, 25.1% PTSD moderate, 18.1% PTSD severe and only 1.2% PTSD very severe). 84.4% of students are anxious and 55.2% of students have depression. Adolescents who have been exposed to at least one traumatic event in their lifetime have 88.69%. In the event, the main traumatic condition that caused the post-traumatic stress disorder was the sudden and unexpected death of a loved one with 27.7%. PTSD, anxiety and depression have a negative effect on students’ school life; therefore, 72.5% of students have poor grades. Conclusion: A traumatic event can develop at a PTSD. There is a high rate of post-traumatic stress disorder and students are in school deficit. There are practical implications for the support and care provided to these adolescents.

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