Thyroid gland is one of most important endocrine
glands in the body. It plays vital role in growth control and its
measurements tends to change in respect to age,sex, weight and ethnic group of the individual. This
study aimed to assess endemic goiter and to estimate the measurement of normal
thyroid gland dimensions and thyroid hormones level in school-aged children using
Ultrasonography and ELISA Technique in Eastern Sudan (Kassala state). A total
of 100 subjectsis 6-18 years (43 males, 57 females), and mean of age (9.73 ±2.54 years). This study was done in the period from April 2016 to
February 2017. All the subject undergone
thyroid ultrasound and thyroid hormone level test. Subjects with history of goiter were excluded from the study, by thyroid dimension (length, height and diameter). Thyroid volume was estimated using ellipsoid
formula and thyroid hormones (TSH,T3 and T4) using Toso full automation.
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