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Taxonomic Significance of Foliar Epidermal Characters in Azanza garckaena (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillc in Tula, Kaltungo Local Government Area of Gombe State, Nigeria

DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.98121, PP. 1677-1687

Keywords: Azanza garckeana, Dendritic Trichome, Epiamphistomatic, Anomocytic

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Abstract:

Leaf epidermal microscopy of Azanza garckeana was studied in search of stable taxonomic characters and delimitation of the plant. Fresh leaves were obtained from 3 accessions in Tula: Tula Wange, Tula Baule and Tula Yiri/Bwaile respectively. Leaf epidermal peels of both surfaces of the plant were made using free hand sectioning and maceration methods. Temporary slides were prepared for observations under light microscope to examine their stomatal features, epidermal cell shapes, and anticlinal cell-wall patterns. The result revealed epiamphistomatic leaves, Stomatal complex type (SCT) was exclusively anomocytic, epidermal cell shapes were all irregular in shape, with curved anticlinal cell wall

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