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Frobenius Series Solutions of the Schrodinger Equation with Various Types of Symmetric Hyperbolic Potentials in One Dimension

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104728, PP. 1-14

Keywords: Schrodinger Equation, Hyperbolic Potential, Frobenius Method, Wave Functions, Bound States

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Abstract:

The Schrodinger equation (SE) for a certain class of symmetric hyperbolic potentials is solved with the aid of the Frobenius method (FM). The bound state energies are given as zeros of a calculable function. The calculated bound state energies are successively substituted into the recurrence relations for the expanding coefficients of the Frobenius series representing even and odd solutions in order to obtain wave functions associated with even and odd bound states. As illustrative examples, we consider the hyperbolic Poschl-Teller potential (HPTP) which is an exactly solvable potential, the Manning potential (MP) and a model of the Gaussian potential well (GPW). In each example, the bound state energies obtained by means of the FM are presented and compared with the exact results or the literature ones. In the case of the HPTP, we also make a comparison between exact bound state wave functions and the eigenfunctions obtained by means of the present approach. We find that our results are in good agreement with those given by other methods considered in this work, and that our class of potentials can be a perfect candidate to model the GPW.

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