All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


The Prospects of Blue Economy to Promote Bangladesh into a Middle-Income Country

DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2018.83019, PP. 355-369

Keywords: Blue Economy, Sustainable Development, Marine Resources, Middle-Income Country, Bangladesh

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

This paper draws attention to the prospects of sea-based economy to promote Bangladesh in a middle-income country through the sustainable use of marine resources. About three-fourths of the earth is covered by the seas. It plays the vital role in two important functions from ancient time known as the means of communication and the source of huge living and non-living natural resources. At present, the countries are becoming very much concerned about their marine resources to resolve many of the present and future challenges of their economies. Generally for Bangladesh, ocean is contributing a significant role to its overall socio-economic progress through rising up the economic activities across the country and especially to the coastal zone at southern part. This paper investigates how much Bangladesh is capable to take of or handle the challenges to become a middle income country through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In addition, it has attempted with a closer-look to find out the barriers or limitations of these activities from different angles if exist.

References

[1]  Snelgrove, P. (Convenor), Berghe, E.V., Miloslavich, P., et al. (2016) Global Patterns in Marine Biodiversity, Chapter 34. http://www.un.org/depts/los/global_reporting/WOA_RPROC/Chapter_34.pdf
[2]  Dev, A.K. (1998) Fake Blue Revolution: Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts of Shrimp Culture in the Coastal Areas of Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management, 41, 63-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0964-5691(98)00074-X http://www.academia.edu/10376692/Fake_blue_revolution_environmental_and_socio-economic_impacts_of_shrimp_culture_in_the_coastal_areas_of_Bangladesh
[3]  Hossain, M.S. (2001) Biological Aspects of the Coastal and Marine Environment of Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management, 44, 261-282. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0964-5691(01)00049-7
[4]  Hunt, B. and Vincent, A.C.J. (2006) Scale and Sustainability of Marine Bioprospecting for Pharmaceuticals. AMBIO: A Journal of Human Environment, 35, 57-64. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1579/0044-7447%282006%2935%5B57%3ASASOMB%5D2.0.CO%3B2
[5]  Creel, L. (2003) Ripple Effects: Population and Coastal Region, Population Reference Bureau, 1-9. https://books.google.com.br/books/about/Ripple_Effects.html?id=8qcltwAACAAJ&redir_esc=y
[6]  Shaker, R.R. (2015) The Spatial Distribution of Development in Europe and Its Underlying Sustainability Correlations. Applied Geography, 63, 304-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.07.009
[7]  Pauli, G. (2010) The Blue Economy: 10 Years, 100 Innovations, 100 Million Jobs. Paradigm Publications, United States, 386.
[8]  BBC Online (2013) Sea-Level Rise Due to Climate Change Has Already Raised the Risk of Extreme Floods in Major Coastal Cities around the World, and Many Are Slowly Sinking into the Oceans. http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20130613-the-rising-threat-to-our-cities
[9]  World Bank (2012) The Living Oceans. http://go.worldbank.org/A2MYFIUQM0
[10]  Blue Economy Concept Paper (2012) The Rio+20, United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, 2012, Reo de Janeiro, Brazil. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/2978BEconcept.pdf
[11]  The Case of “Dispute Concerning Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Bangladesh and Myanmar in the Bay of Bengal”. International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), 14 March 2012, Hamburg, Germany.
[12]  The Case of “The Bay of Bay of Bengal Maritime Boundary Arbitration between the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and Republic of India” Permanent Court of Arbitration, 7 July, 2014, The Hague, Netherlands.
[13]  Islam, M.S. (2003) Perspectives of the Coastal and Marine Fisheries of the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management, 46, 763-796. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0964-5691(03)00064-4
[14]  Islam, M.M. (2016) Bangladesh National Conservation Strategy: Coastal and Marine Resources. Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh, 2-3.
[15]  FAO (2010) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 2010. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department.
[16]  FCCA (2012) Cruise Industry Overview 2011.
[17]  United Nations World Tourism Organization (2013) Annual Report 2013.
[18]  International Energy Agency (2011) World Energy Outlook 2011. IEA, Paris. http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/weo2010.pdf
[19]  Roney, J.M. (2013) 2013 to be Record Year for Offshore Wind. Earth Policy Institute. http://www.earth-policy.org/plan_b_updates/2013/update117
[20]  UNESCO, IMO, FAO, UNDP (2011) A Blueprint for Ocean and Coastal Sustainability. Paris. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002150/215002e.pdf
[21]  Leary, et al. (2009) Marine Genetic Resources: A Review of Scientific and Commercial Interest. Marine Policy, 33, 183-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2008.05.010
[22]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (2016) Annual Report 2015-2016.
[23]  Giménez, L., Jolliffe, D. and Sharif, I. (2014) Bangladesh, a Middle Income Country by 2021: What Will It Take in Terms of Poverty Reduction? World Bank, Washington DC. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/18668?locale-attribute=en
[24]  Raihan, S. (2016) Is Bangladesh all Set to Be a Middle Income Country? The Daily Star (A Daily Bangladeshi Newspaper), 06 March, 2016. https://www.thedailystar.net/op-ed/bangladesh-all-set-be-middle-income-country-786709
[25]  Congressional Research Service (2012) Rio+20: The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42573.pdf
[26]  World Bank (2016), Helping Bangladesh Reach Middle Income Country Status. http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2016/04/07/World_Bank_Group_s_New_Country
_Partnership_Framework_helps_Bangladesh_Reach_Middle_Income_Country_Status

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus