Introduction: Diet is a determinant of chronic non transmissible diseases. The aim of this study was to describe pupils’ diet in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that took place from March to April 2016, among 1st, 4th and 7th form pupils of public and private schools in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. Diet survey methods were a reminder of the last 24 hours and the questionnaire of consumption frequency. Results: A total of 1993 pupils were surveyed. The mean age was 17.5 ± 3.6 years and the sex ratio 0.7. The majority of pupils (90.5%) reported eating at least 3 meals a day. Dietary recommendations were different according to food groups. For example, vegetables (90.0%), fruits (75.4%) and dairy products (79.3%) were the least well consumed foods compared to recommendations. Protein and starch intake were inadequate among these pupils with 39.7% and 58.2% respectively. Almost 1/4 had a regular weekly alcohol consumption (23.4%) while an excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried foods was noted in 12.7% and 28.2% of them, respectively. Conclusion: This study has revealed a general insufficiency in the recommended dietary intakes of fruit, vegetables, proteins, starchy foods and dairy products among pupils, and on the other hand, a regular consumption of fatty, sugary and alcoholic foods for about a fifth of them. An intervention program such as “Communication for Continuous Behavior Change” would help improve these habits.
Daboné Poor Nutritional Status of Schoolchildren in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Poor+nutritional+status+of+schoolchildren+in+urban+and+peri-urban+areas+of+Ouagadougou
Escalon, H. and Beck, F. (2013) Les jeunes et l’alimentation: Des comportements sexués, évoluant avec l’age et socialement marqués. Agora débats/jeunesses, 63, 113-127. https://doi.org/10.3917/agora.063.0113
Hamid, Y.H., Al Attar, F., Makhlouf, M., Ahmed, A., Jaffar, M., Dafalla, E., Mahdy, N. and Wasfy, A. (2015) A Study of Overweight and Obesity among Secondary School Students in Dubai: Prevalence and Associated Factors. International Journal of Preventive Medicine Research, 1, 153-160.
Doku, D., Koivusilta, L., Raisamo, S. and Rimpela, A. (2013) Socio-Economic Differences in Adolescents’ Breakfast Eating, Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Physical Activity in Ghana. Public Health Nutrition, 16, 864-872. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001100276X