All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

The Study of Homegarden Agrobiodiversity, Practices of Homegardening and Its Role for In-Situ Conservation of Plant Biodiversity in Eastern Hararghe, Kombolcha Town Oromia Regional State Ethiopia

DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2018.82016, PP. 229-246

Keywords: Homegardening, Local Knowledge, Plant Biodiversity, Homegarden, Conservation

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Homegarden plays a vital role for the livelihood of the people living in town. Homegarden agrobiodiversity was studied to highlight homegarden frequency, types, plant species, growth form and associated indigenous knowledge. The research was conducted during January to April 2017. A total of 180 randomly selected households were included in the survey. Ethnobotanical data were collected from purposively selected 60 homegardens using observations and semi-structured interviews while markets survey was conducted through structured questionnaire for homegarden products. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and similarity and Shannon wiener diversity index. The results indicated that 128 (71%) of the households were practicing home gardening. The homegarden plant composition gave 78 species belonging to 35 families. The representative families and number of species under each family were founded that the family Solonaceae, and Rutaceae rank top of the list (6 species) each followed by Fabaceae and Lamiaceae (5 species each) and Asteraceae, Poaceae, Rosaceae and Brassicaceae (4 species) each. Catha edulis, Lantana camara and Ruta chalepensis had the highest frequency of species followed by the families Asteraceae, Rutaceae and Poaceae. Catha edulis, Rhammus prinoides and Ruta chalepensis were among the families found in homegardens. It can be concluded that homegrdens of Kombolcha are rich in biodiversity. The present study showed the existing status of homegardens and local knowledge contribution to the farming systems in conservation of the biological diversity. In addition, plant species providing substantial benefits and factors combined to determining homegarden diversity are documented.


[1]  Abdi, A., & Asfaw, Z. (2006). In-Situ (On-Farm) Conservation Dynamics and the Patterns of Uses of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) Landraces in North Shewa and South Welo, Central High Lands of Ethiopia. Ethiop. SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science 2003, 26, 123-136.
[2]  Belachew, W., Asfaw, Z., & Demissiew, S. (2003). Ethnobotanical Study of Useful Plants in Daniio Gade (Homegardens) In Southern Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Biol. Sci a, 2, 119-141.
[3]  Burchi, F., Fanzo, J., & Frison, E. (2011). The Role of Food and Nutrition System Approaches in Tackling Hidden Hunger: Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 21, 13-25.
[4]  Engels, J. (2002). Home Gardens—A Genetic Resources Perspective. In J. W. Watson, & P.B., Proceedings of the 2nd International Home Gardens Workshop, 17-19 July 2002, Witzenhausen, Federal Republic of Germany.
[5]  Eyzaguirre, P. B., & Watson, J. W. (2002) Rome: IPGRI Home Gardens and in-Situ Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources in Farming Systems. Proceedings of the 2nd International Home Gardens Workshop, 17-19 July 2001, Witzenhausen, Federal Republic of Germany.
[6]  Eyzaguirre, P., & Linares, O. (2004). Homegardens and Agro Biodiversity. Washinton, DC: Smithsonian Press.
[7]  Galluzzi, G., Eyzaguirre, P., & Negri, V. (2010). Home Gardens: Neglected Hotspots of Agro-Biodiversity and Cultural Diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 3635-3654.
[8]  Gonzalez, C. G. (2011). Climate Change, Food Security, and Agro biodiversity: Toward a Just, Resilient, and Sustainable Food System “Fordham Environmental Law Review (2011)”. Sweden: Uppsala.
[9]  Habtamu, H., & Zemede, A. (2011). Homegardens and Agro Biodiversity Conservation in Sebeta Town Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. Thesis, Addis Ababa University.
[10]  Hilenbrand, E. (2006) Improving Traditional-Conventional Medicine Collaboration: Perspectives from Cameroonian Traditional Practitioners. Nordic Journal of African Studies, 15, 1-15.
[11]  Kumar, B., & Nair, P. (2004). The Enigma of Tropical Homegardens. Agroforestry Systems, 61-62, 135-152.
[12]  Martin, G. J. (1995). Ethnobotany.
[13]  Rosenthal, J. P. (1997). Plants, People and Culture: The Science of Ethnobotany by M. J. Balick (New York Botanical Garden) and P. A. Cox (Brigham Young University). Scientific American Library, New York, NY. 1996. ix + 228 pp. 22 × 24 cm. $32.95. ISBN 0-7167-5061-9. Journal of Natural Products, 60, 428-429.
[14]  Tesfaye, H., Sebsibe, D., & Zemede, A. (2009). An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used Bylocal People in the Lowlands of Konta Special Wereda, Sothern Nations, Nationalities and People Regional State, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicin, 5, 1-15.
[15]  Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., & Puri, R. K. (2004). Tools and Methods for Data Collection in Ethnobotanical Studies of Homegardens. Field Methods, 16, 285-306.
[16]  Whittaker, R. J. (1993). Holocene Book Reviews: Vegetation Description and Analysis: A Practical Approach M. Kent and P. Coker, London: Belhaven Press, 1992,363 pp., £45.00, hardback. ISBN 1-85293-006-3. The Holocene, 3, 379-379.
[17]  Woldyes, F. (2000). A Study on Biodiversity Management in Daddegoyo (Traditional Homegardens) by Kafficho People of Bonga Area (South western Ethiopia): An Ethnobotanical Approach. PhD Thesis Unpublished Addis Ababa University.
[18]  Wondimu, T., Asfaw, Z., & Kelbessa, E. (2006). Ethnobotanical Study of Food Plants around “Dheeraa” Town, Arsi, Ethiopia. SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science, 29.
[19]  Zemede, A., & Ayele, N. (1995). Home-Gardens in Ethiopia: Characteristics and Plant Diversity. SINET, an Ethiopian Journal of Science, 18, 235-266.
[20]  Zemede, A., & Woldu, Z. (1997). Crop Associations of Home Gardens in Welayta and Gurage in Southern Ethiopia. SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science, 20, 21-32.
[21]  Zemede, A., Sebsebe, D., Bernard, R., & Feleke, W. (2011). Home Gardens and Spices of Basketo and Kafa (Southwest Ethiopia): Plant Diversity, Product Valorization and Implications to Biodiversity Conservation. PhD Thesis Unpublished A.A.U.


comments powered by Disqus