All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Assessing the Impact of Pregnancy on Sexuality Using the Pregnancy Sexual Response Inventory

DOI: 10.4236/asm.2018.82002, PP. 15-24

Keywords: Sexuality, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Sexual Response Inventory

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Introduction: Pregnancy is a state when body undergoes biopsychosocial and hormonal changes which affect pregnant women and her partner. The aim of this study was assessing the changes in sexual life of pregnant women and their partners. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study carried out at 8 public hospitals in Kosovo. Mostly, pregnant women in third trimester attending hospitals between July and December 2017 were eligible. The questionnaires have been distributed and supervised by the Kosovo Midwife Association, while have been fulfilled by pregnant women in the delivery room or in their rest rooms. Categorical data were expressed by percentage and comparisons were made by the T-test. Statistical significance was considered as p < 0.05. Results: Out of 1510 participants, who took part in this study, it is shown that the majority of them were between the age of 18 and 35. Only 7.7% were under 18 years old. The 66.2% of the surveyed women have previously planned their pregnancies. The frequency of sexual intercourse per week shows a considerable changing among participants in the study. The number of women who are not satisfied with their sexual lives has increased from 7.9% before the pregnancy to 18.6% during pregnancy. The number of women who have never or rarely experienced orgasm has increased from 9.6% to 16.4% while the percentage of those who have often experienced orgasm before pregnancy has decreased from 38% to 22.5% during pregnancy. From the analyzed parameters only the sexual desire has not undergone changes before and during pregnancy. Moreover, the sexual desire has shown increase, into the option once a day. Conclusion and Recommendation: Apart of sexual desire which remains the same all other parameters have been decreased during the pregnancy. The role of health professionals in consulting sexual activity problems needs to be improved.


[1]  Rudge, C.V., et al. (2009) Design and Validity of a Questionnaire to Assess Sexuality in Pregnant Women. Reproductive Health, 6, 12.
[2]  Senkumwong, N., Chaovisitsaree, S., Rugpao, S., Chandrawongse, W. and Yanunto, S. (2006) The Changes of Sexuality in Thai Women during Pregnancy. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 89, S124-S129.
[3]  Efe, H., Bozkurt, M., Sahin, L., Mutlu, M.F., Api, M. and Çetin, A. (2014) The Effects of Pregnancy on the Sexual Life of Turkish Women. Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 5.
[4]  Staruch, M., Kucharczyk, A., Zawadzka, K., Wielgos, M. and Szymusik, I. (2017) Sexual Activity during Pregnancy. Act Nerv Super Rediviva, 59, 23-28.
[5]  Isajeva, J., Silkūnas, M., Drusutiene, G.S. and Bartkeviciene, D. (2012) Features of the Sexual Life during Pregnancy. Acta Medica Lituanica, 19, 67-74.
[6]  Liu, H.L., Hsu, P. and Chen, K.H. (2013) Sexual Activity during Pregnancy in Taiwan. A Qualitative Study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 1, 54-61.
[7]  Brown, C., Bradford, J., et al. (2008) Sex and Sexuality in Pregnancy. Global Library of Women’s Medicine.
[8]  Pauleta, J.R., Pereira, N.M. and Graca, L.M. (2010) Sexuality during Pregnancy. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7, 136-142.
[9]  Kontoyannis, M., Katsetos, C. and Panagopoulos, P. (2012) Sexual Intercourse during Pregnancy. Health Science Journal, 6, 82-87.
[10]  Torkestani, F., Hadavand, Sh., Khodashenase, Z., Besharat, S., Davati, A., Karimi, Z. and Zafarghandi, N. (2012) Frequency and Perception of Sexual Activity during Pregnancy in Iranian Couples. International Journal of Fertility & Sterility, 6, 107-110.
[11]  Aslan, G., Aslan, D., Kizilyar, A., Ispahi, C. and Esen, A. (2005) A Prospective Analysis of Sexual Functions during Pregnancy. International Journal of Impotence Research, 17, 154-157.
[12]  Gokyildiz, S. and Beji, N.K. (2005) The Effects of Pregnancy on Sexual Life. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 31, 201-215.
[13]  Bello, F.A., Olayemi, O., Aimakhu, C.O. and Adekunle, A.O. (2011) Effect of Pregnancy and Childbirth on Sexuality of Women in Ibadan, Nigeria. ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2011, Article ID: 856586.
[14]  Santiago, L.R.S., et al. (2013) Impact of Pregnancy on the Sex Life of Women: State of the Art. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 4, 257-264.
[15]  Jones, C., Chan, C. and Farine, D. (2011) Sex in Pregnancy. CMAJ, 183, 815-818.


comments powered by Disqus