All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Psychology  2017 

The Dark Side of Conscientiousness

DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.811122, PP. 1879-1893

Keywords: Dark Side, Big Five, Prudence, Concientiousness, Learning Approach

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

This paper reports on two studies, each with large adult populations, which look at Dark-Side correlates (subclinical Personality Disorders) of two different measures of Trait Conscientiousness. In the first study, 5300 British adults completed the Prudence scale of the Hogan Personality Inventory (HPI) as well as the Hogan Development Survey (HDS), which measures Dark-Side traits. Correlation and regression results confirmed many of the associations between the seven facets of the Prudence scale and the Dark Side traits. Results showed that people who score high on Excitable, Mischievous and Imaginative reported low scores, while those who scored high on Diligent reported high scores on Prudence and its facets. In the second study, 6700 British adults completed the NEO-PI-R Conscientiousness Scale with six facet scores as well as the HDS. Regressions showed a similar pattern: people scoring high on Bold and Diligent, and low on Excitable and Cautious reported higher Conscientiousness. Similarities and differences in the findings for the two studies are considered. Paradoxically Conscientiousness is negatively associated with those Dark Side traits that are correlated with leadership emergence. Limitations of these studies are discussed.

References

[1]  American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. Rev.). Washington, DC: APA.
https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596
[2]  Bastiaansen, L., Rossi, G., & De Fruyt, F. (2012). Comparing Five Sets of Five-Factor Model Personality Disorder Counts in a Heterogeneous Sample of Psychiatric Patients. European Journal of Personality, 27, 377-388.
https://doi.org/10.1002/per.1859
[3]  Bastiaansen, L., Rossi, G., Schotte, C., & De Fruyt, F. (2011). The Structure of Personality Disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders, 25, 378-396.
https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2011.25.3.378
[4]  Bollaert, H., & Petit, V. (2010). Beyond the Dark Side of Executive Psychology. European Journal of Management, 28, 362-376.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2010.01.001
[5]  Carson, M., Shanock, L., Heggestad, E., Andrew, A., Pugh, S., & Walter, M. (2012). The Relationship between Dysfunctional Interpersonal Tendencies, Derailment Potential Behavior and Turnover. Journal of Business and Psychology, 27, 291-304.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-011-9239-0
[6]  Carter, N., Dalal, D., Boyce, A., O’Connell, M., Kung, M-C., & Delgado, K. (2014). Uncovering Curvilinear Relationships between Conscientiousness and Job Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99, 564-586.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034688
[7]  Costa Jr., P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
[8]  De Fruyt, F., De Clercq, B., Milley, J., Rolland, J. P., Jung, S. C., Taris, R., Furnham, A., & Hiel, A. (2009). Assessing Personality at Risk in Personnel Selection and Development. European Journal of Personality, 23, 51-69.
https://doi.org/10.1002/per.703
[9]  Fico, J., Hogan, R., & Hogan, J. (2000). Interpersonal Compass Manual and Interpretation Guide. Tulsa, OK: Hogan Assessment System.
[10]  Furnham, A, & Crump, J. (2005). Personality Traits, Types and Disorders. European Journal of Personality, 19, 167-184.
https://doi.org/10.1002/per.543
[11]  Furnham, A. (2010). The Elephant in the Boardroom: The Psychology of Leadership Derailment. Bracknell: Palgrave MacMillan.
https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230281226
[12]  Furnham, A. (2015). Backstabbers and Bullies. London: Bloomsbury.
[13]  Furnham, A., Crump, J., & Ritchie, W. (2013). What It Takes: Ability, Demographic, Bright and Dark Side Correlates of Years to Promotion. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 952-956.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.469
[14]  Furnham, A., Richards, S., & Paulhus, D. (2013). The Dark Triad: A 10 Year Review. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 199-215.
https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12018
[15]  Furnham. A., Trickey, G., & Hyde, G. (2012). Bright Aspects to Dark Side Traits: Dark Side Traits Associated with Work Success. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 908-913.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.01.025
[16]  Hogan, R., & Hogan, J. (2001). Assessing Leadership: A View from the Dark Side. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 9, 40-51.
https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2389.00162
[17]  Hogan, R., & Hogan, J. (2007). Hogan Personality Inventory Manual. Tulsa, OK: HAS.
[18]  Hogan, R., & Hogan, J. (2009). Hogan Development Survey Manual. Tulsa, OK: HAS.
[19]  Howard, P. J., & Howard, J. M. (2001). The Owner’s Manual for Personality at Work. Austin, Atlanta: Bard Press.
[20]  Koutoufa, I., & Furnham, A. (2014). Mental Health Literacy and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. Psychiatry Research, 215, 223-228.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2013.10.027
[21]  MacCann, C., Duckworth, A., & Roberts, R. (2009). Empirical Identification of the Major Facets of Conscientiousness. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 451-458.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2009.03.007
[22]  Nettle, D. (2006). The Evolution of Personality Variation in Humans and Other Animals. American Psychologist, 61, 622-631.
https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.61.6.622
[23]  Roberts, B., Chernyshenko, O., Stark, S., & Goldberg, L. (2005). The Structure of Conscientiousness. Personnel Psychology, 58, 103-139.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2005.00301.x
[24]  Rolland, J. P., & De Fruyt, F. (2003). The Validity of FFM Personality Dimensions and Maladaptive Traits to Predict Negative Affect at Work. European Journal of Personality, 17, 101-121.
https://doi.org/10.1002/per.485
[25]  Samuel, D., & Widiger, T. (2008). A Meta-Analytic Review of the Relationship between the Five-Factor Model and the DSM-IV-TR Personality Disorders. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 1326-1342.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2008.07.002
[26]  Saulsman, L., & Page, A. (2004). The Five Factor Model and Personality Disorder Empirical Literature: A Meta-Analytic Review. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 1055-1085.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2002.09.001
[27]  Stairs, A., Smith, G., Zapolski, T., Combs, J., & Settles, R. (2012). Clarifying the Construct of Perfectionism. Assessment, 19, 146-166.
https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191111411663
[28]  Stoeber, J., Otto, K., & Dalbert, C. (2009). Perfectionism and the Big Five. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 363-368.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.04.004
[29]  Widiger, T. (2011). Integrating Normal and Abnormal Personality Structure: A Proposal for DSM-V. Journal of Personality Disorders, 25, 338-363.
https://doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2011.25.3.338
[30]  Widiger, T. A., Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (2001). Proposals for Axis II: Diagnosing Personality Disorders Using the Five Factor Model. In P. T. Costa, & T. A. Widiger (Eds.), Personality Disorders and the Five Factor Model of Personality (2nd ed., pp. 432-456). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus