All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes of Teenage Pregnancies: A Cross-Sectional Study

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103839, PP. 1-9

Keywords: Adult Mothers, Low Birth Weight, Prematurity, Teenage Mothers

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

The teenage pregnancy is still preferred in different part of the world against the advice of the medical practitioners. This study aimed to describe the obstetric and perinatal outcomes of the teenage mothers and to compare these with outcomes of the adult mothers. For this purpose, 762 teenage and 756 adult mothers were followed in the eastern region of Sri Lanka for 21 months. This study found that the premature birth was the only negative perinatal outcome directly related to teenage mothers. All other negative pregnancy outcomes associated with teenage pregnancy were caused by the factors which are prevailing in higher percentages among teenagers such as low BMI and less number of parity. No differences in occurrence of small to date (IUGR), perinatal complications and lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) were observed between teenage and adult mothers. Finally, this study concludes the teenage pregnancy can be accepted for the mothers with higher BMI if the risk for premature birth is controlled.

References

[1]  Mayor, S. (2004) Pregnancy and Childbirth Are Leading Causes of Death in Teenage Girls in Developing Countries. BMJ, 328, 1152.
[2]  World Health Organization (2004) Adolescent Pregnancy Issues in Adolescent Health and Development. WHO Discussion Papers on Adolescence, 1-92.
[3]  UNICHEF (2008) Young People and Family Planning: Teenage Pregnancy. Fact Sheet: Plan You Family Plan Your Future.
https://www.unicef.org/malaysia/Teenage_Pregnancies_-_Overview.pdf
[4]  Hala, A.F.A. and Rehab, A.A. (2016) Effect of an Educational Program about Newborn Care on Practice and Confidence of Pregnant Teen Mothers. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science, 5, 38-46.
[5]  Hoffman, D. (2008) Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy. The Urban Institute Press, Washington, DC, 259-294.
[6]  John, S.S. and Andrea, J.M. (2010) Teen Fertility in Transition: Recent and Historic Trends in the United States. Annual Review of Public Health, 31, 371-383.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090830
[7]  Dias, T., Wijesinghe, E., Abeykoon, S., Ganeshamoorthy, P., Kumarasiri, S., Kodithuwakku, M., Gunewardena, C. and Padeniya, T. (2013) Pregnancy Outcome in Extremes of Reproductive Age at a Tertiary Care Hospital. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 35, 77-79.
[8]  Mukhopadhyay, P., Chaudhuri, R.N. and Paul, B. (2010) Hospital-Based Perinatal Outcomes and Complications in Teenage Pregnancy in India. Journal of Health Population and Nutrition, 28, 494-500.
https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v28i5.6158
[9]  Dutta, I. and Joshi, P. (2013) Maternal and Perinatal Outcome in Teenage vs. Vicenarian Primigravidae—A Clinical Study. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 7, 2881-2884.
[10]  Gunewardene, I.M.R. and Deeyagaha, W.R.P.K. (2005) Adverse Effects of Teenage Pregnancy. The Ceylon Medical Journal, 50, 116-120.
[11]  Sulaiman, S., Othman, S., Razali, N. and Hassan, J. (2013) Obstetric and Perinatal Outcome in Teenage Pregnancies. South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 19, 74-77.
https://doi.org/10.7196/sajog.679
[12]  Fleming, N., Osborne, C., Biederman, S., Yaseen, A.S., Jessica, D., White, R.R. and Walker, M. (2013) Adolescent Pregnancy Outcomes in the Province of Ontario: A Cohort Study. Journal of Obstetrics and Gyna-cology Canada, 35, 234-245.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1701-2163(15)30995-6
[13]  Ganchimeg, T., Ota, E., Morisaki, N., Laopaiboon, M. and Lumbiganon, P. (2014) Pregnancy and Childbirth Outcomes among Adolescent Mothers: A World Health Or-ganization Multicounty Study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 121, 40-48.
https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.12630
[14]  Perez Neto, M.I. and Segre, C.A. (2012) Comparative Analysis of Gestations and Frequency of Prematurity and Low Birth Weight among Children of Adolescent and Adult Mothers. Einstein, 10, 271-277.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082012000300003
[15]  Althabe, F., Moore, J.L., Gibbons, L., Berrueta, M., Goudar, S.S., Chomba, E., et al. (2015) Adverse Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes in Adolescent Pregnancies: The Global Network’s Maternal Newborn Health Registry Study. Reproductive Health, 12, 2-8.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4755-12-S2-S8
[16]  Najim, T., Ghathwan, K.I., Alnakkash, U.M. and Abdelraheem, Y. (2015) The Impact of Teenage Pregnancy on Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Outcomes. International Journal of Scientific Research in Knowledge, 3, 0106-0113.
https://doi.org/10.12983/ijsrk-2015-p0106-0113
[17]  Edessy, M., Gaber, M. and Maher, A. (2014) Teenage Preg-nancy and Fetal Outcome. American Journal of Research Communication, 2, 169-175.
[18]  Nili, F., Rahmati, M.R. and Sharifi, S.M. (2002) Maternal and Neonatal Outcome in Teenage Pregnancy in Tehran Valiasr Hospital. Acta Medica Iranica, 40, 55-59.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus