All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Rainfall Variations Due to Twin Typhoons over Northwest Pacific Ocean

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103638, PP. 1-14

Keywords: Twin Typhoons, Rainfall, GPCP, TRMM

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

This paper focuses on the investigation of the rainfall variations due to twin typhoons Saola and Damrey occurred in 2012 over Northwest Pacific Ocean (NPO). Genesis and landfall of the two typhoons are on the same day, however the track and rainfall area are different. We have chosen the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) data for this analysis. The results are illustrating as follows: typhoon Saola produced higher rainfall than typhoon Damery. The rainfall pattern of typhoon Saola having sufficient affect typhoon Damrey rainfall over the ocean, however after landfall produced rainfall over the land. Comparison of two rainfall data sets revealing that TRMM data is better for identifying heavy rainfall due to typhoon.

References

[1]  Emanuel, K.A. (1999) Thermodynamic Control of Hurricane Intensity. Nature, 401, 665-669.
https://doi.org/10.1038/44326
[2]  Zhang, Q., Liu, Q. and Wu, L. (2009) Tropical Cyclone Damages in China 1983- 2006. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 489-495.
https://doi.org/10.1175/2008BAMS2631.1
[3]  Kim, J.-H., Ho, C.-H., Lee, M.-H., Jeong, J.-H. and Chen, D. (2006) Large Increase in Heavy Rainfall Associated with Tropical Cyclone Landfalls in Korea after the Late 1970s. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18706.
https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl027430
[4]  Lau, W.K.-M. and Wu, H.-T. (2008) Have Tropical Cyclones Been Feeding More Extreme Rainfall? Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D23113.
https://doi.org/10.1029/2008jd009963
[5]  Lau, W.K.-M. and Zhou, Y.P. (2012) Observed Recent Trends in Tropical Cyclone Rainfall over the North Atlantic and the North Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D03104.
https://doi.org/10.1029/2011jd016510
[6]  Knutson, T.R., et al. (2010) Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change. Nature Geo- science, 3, 157-163.
https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo779
[7]  Hsu, H.-H., et al. (2011) Science Report of Climate Change in Taiwan 2011. National Science Council, 362 p. (In Chinese)
[8]  Chang, C.-P., Lei, Y., Sui, C.-H., Lin, X. and Ren, F. (2012) Tropical Cyclone and Extreme Rainfall Trends in East Asian Summer Monsoon Since Mid-20th Century. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L18702. https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052945
[9]  Shapiro, L.J. (1983) Asymmetric Boundary Layer Flow under a Translating Hurricane. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 40, 1984-1998.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1983)040<1984:TABLFU>2.0.CO;2
[10]  Bender, M A. (1997) The Effect of Relative Flow on the Asymmetric Structure in the Interior of Hurricanes. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 54, 703-724.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<0703:TEORFO>2.0.CO;2
[11]  Frank, W.M. and Ritchie, E.A. (1999) Effects of Environmental Flow upon Tropical Cyclone Structure. Monthly Weather Review, 127, 2044-2061.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1999)127<2044:EOEFUT>2.0.CO;2
[12]  Lonfat, M., Marks Jr., F.D. and Chen, S.S. (2004) Precipitation Distribution in Tropical Cyclones Using the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager: A Global Perspective. Monthly Weather Review, 132, 1645-1660.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2004)132<1645:PDITCU>2.0.CO;2
[13]  Lin, Y.Y., Liu, Y.Q. and Zhang, L.Q. (2001) An Analysis on the Impact of Severe Tropical Storm “Maria” on the Torrential Heavy Rain in Shaoguan. Guangdong Meteorology, 3, 5-7.
http://gdqx.qikanc.com/
[14]  Li, J., et al. (2003) Advancement in the Study of Typhoon Rainstorm. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 19, 152-159. (In Chinese)
[15]  Miller, B.I. (1958) Rainfall Rates in Florida Hurricanes. Monthly Weather Review, 86, 258-264. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1958)086<0258:RRIFH>2.0.CO;2
[16]  Marks Jr., F.D. (1985) Evolution of the Structure of Precipitation in Hurricane Allen (1980). Monthly Weather Review, 113, 909-930.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1985)113<0909:EOTSOP>2.0.CO;2
[17]  Burpee, R.W. and Black, M.L. (1989) Temporal and Spatial Variations of Rainfall near the Centers of Two Tropical Cyclones. Monthly Weather Review, 117, 2204- 2218.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1989)117<2204:TASVOR>2.0.CO;2
[18]  Jacob, S.D. and Koblinsky, C. (2007) Effects of Precipitation on the Upper-Ocean Response to a Hurricane. Monthly Weather Review, 135, 2207-2225.
https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR3366.1
[19]  Prat, O.P. and Nelson, B.R. (2012) Precipitation Contribution of Tropical Cyclones in the Southeastern United States from 1998 to 2009 Using TRMM Satellite Data. Journal of Climate, 26, 1047-1062.
https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00736.1
[20]  Yokoyama, C. and Takayabu, Y.N. (2008) A Statistical Study on Rain Characteristics of Tropical Cyclones Using TRMM Satellite Data. Monthly Weather Review, 136, 3848-3862.
https://doi.org/10.1175/2008MWR2408.1
[21]  Blackwell, K.G. (2000) The Evolution of Hurricane Danny (1997) at Landfall: Doppler Observed Eyewall Replacement, Vortex Contraction/Intensification, and Lowlevel Wind Maxima. Monthly Weather Review, 128, 4002-4016.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2000)129<4002:TEOHDA>2.0.CO;2
[22]  Chen, S.S., Knaff, J.A. and Marks Jr., F.D. (2006) Effects of Vertical Wind Shear and Storm Motion on Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Asymmetries Deduced from TRMM. Monthly Weather Review, 134, 3190-3208. https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR3245.1
[23]  Willoughby, H.E., Marks Jr., F.D. and Feinberg, R.J. (1984) Stationary and Moving Convective Bands in Hurricanes. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 41, 3189- 3211.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1984)041<3189:SAMCBI>2.0.CO;2
[24]  Subrahmanyam, M.V. (2015) Impact of Typhoon on the North-West Pacific Sea Surface Temperature: A Case Study of Typhoon Kaemi (2006). Natural Hazards, 78, 569-582.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-015-1733-7
[25]  Chu, J.H., Sampson, C.R., Levine, A.S. and Fukada, E. (2002) The Joint Typhoon Warning Center Tropical Cyclone Best-Tracks, 1945-2000. Rep. NRL/MR/7540-02- 16, Joint Typhoon Warning Center, Hawaii.
http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/best_tracks/TC_bt_report.html
[26]  Huffman, G.J., Adler, R.F., Morrissey, M., Bolvin, D.T., Curtis, S., Joyce, R., McGavock, B. and Susskind, J. (2001) Global Precipitation at One-Degree Daily Resolution from Multi Satellite Observations. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 2, 36-50.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2001)002<0036:GPAODD>2.0.CO;2
[27]  Xie, J., Janowiak, E., Arkin, P.A., Adler, R., Gruber, A., Ferraro, R., Huffman, G.J. and Curtis, S. (2003) GPCP Pentad Precipitation Analyses: An Experimental Data Set Based on Gauge Observations and Satellite Estimates. Journal of Climate, 16, 2197-2214.
https://doi.org/10.1175/2769.1
[28]  Adler, R.F., et al. (2003) The Version-2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present). Journal of Hydrometeoro- logy, 4, 1147-1167.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2003)004<1147:TVGPCP>2.0.CO;2
[29]  Huffman, G.J., Adler, R.F., Bolvin, D.T., Gu, G., Nelkin, E.J., Bowman, K.P., Stocker, E.F. and Wolff, D.B. (2007) The TRMM Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA): Quasi-Global, Multiyear, Combined-Sensor Precipitation Estimates at Fine Scale. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 8, 38-55.
https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm560.1
[30]  Shepherd, J.M., Grundstein, A. and Mote, T.L. (2007) Quantifying the Contribution of Tropical Cyclones to Extreme Rainfall along the Coastal Southeastern United States. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L23810.
https://doi.org/10.1029/2007gl031694
[31]  Jiang, H., Ramirez, E.M. and Cecil, D.J. (2012) Convective and Rainfall Properties of Tropical Cyclone Inner Cores and Rainbands from 11 Years of TRMM Data. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 431-450.
https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00360.1
[32]  Zehr, R. (1992) Tropical Cyclogenesis in the Western North Pacific. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS, 16, 181 p.
[33]  Emanuel, K.A. (1986) An Air-Sea Interaction Theory for Tropical Cyclones. Part I: Steady-State Maintenance. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 43, 585-604.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1986)043<0585:aasitf>2.0.co;2
[34]  Merrill, R.T. (1988) Characteristic of the Upper-Tropospheric Environment Flow around Hurricanes. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 45, 1665-1677.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1988)045<1665:COTUTE>2.0.CO;2
[35]  Gray, W.M. and Jacobso, R.W. (1977) Diurnal Variation of Deep Cumulus Convection. Monthly Weather Review, 105, 1171-1188.
[36]  Steranka, J., Rodgers, E.B. and Gentry, R.C. (1984) The Diurnal Variation of Atlantic Ocean Tropical Cyclone Cloud Distribution Inferred from Geostationary Satellite Infrared Measurements. Monthly Weather Review, 112, 2338-2344.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<2338:TDVOAO>2.0.CO;2
[37]  Huang, Y.C. and Lin, Y.L. (2014) A Study on the Structure and Precipitation of Morakot (2009) Induced by the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 123, 115-141. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00703-013-0290-4
[38]  Yunying, L.I., Wei, H. and Zhao, J. (2007) Roles of Mesoscale Terrain and Latent Heat Release in Typhoon Precipitation: A Numerical Case Study. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 24, 35-43.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-007-0035-8
[39]  Fan, A.F., Lou, X.F. and Peng, X.Y. (2014) Impact of Typhoon “Damery” on Typhoon “Saola”. Marine Forecasts, 31, 26-34. (In Chinese)
[40]  Alpers, W., Chen, J.P., Lin, I.I. and Lien, C. (2007) Atmospheric Fronts along the East Coast of Taiwan Studied by ERS Synthetic Aperture Radar Images. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 64, 922-937.
https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS3863.1
[41]  Huffman, G.J., Adler, R., Bolvin, D. and Nelkin, E. (2010) The TRMM Multi-Satel- lite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA). In: Gebremichael, M. and Hossain, F., Eds., Satellite Rainfall Applications for Surface Hydrology, Springer, 3-22.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2915-7_1

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus