All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Simulation Analysis on Applicability of Meta Material and PBG Based mm-Wave Planar Antenna for Advanced Cellular Technologies

DOI: 10.4236/ojapr.2017.51003, PP. 23-35

Keywords: LH Metamaterials, PBG, Planar Antenna, CST Microwave Tools, Return Loss, Radiation Pattern

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Metamaterials have got a unique identification in the field of electromagnetic. Left handed metamaterials have been recognized through its working at high frequencies with larger bandwidth in antenna design. The author has proposed a multi substrates LH metamaterials with an array of split triangular antennas for wideband as well as for larger bandwidth. FR4 is being used at frequency 42 - 26 GHz with thickness of 3 mm for substrate and matching circuit is inserted to get high gain with minimum reflections. The number of rods in PBG is 100, which is found to get high return losses and ideal behavior of VSWR. Obtained results have been in good agreement such as S11 is approximately 30 dB, VSWR 1.8 dB and the bandwidth enhancement is 2 GHz at frequency 5 GHz. All results are plotted using commercial software CST microwave studio (Version 2012) and MATLAB.


[1]  Ziolkowski, R.W. and Erentok, A. (2006) Metamaterial-Based Efficient Electrically Small Antennas. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 54, 2113-2130.
[2]  Wu, B.-I., Wang, W., Pacheco, J., Chen, X., Grzegorczyk, T. and Kong, J.A. (2005) A Study of Using Metamaterials as Antenna Substrate to Enhance Gain. Progress in Electromagnetics Research, 51, 295-328.
[3]  Sihvola, A. (2007) Metamaterials in Electromagnetics. Metamaterials, 1, 2-11.
[4]  Lapine, M. and Tretyakov, S. (2007) Contemporary Notes on Metamaterials. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, 1, 3-11.
[5]  Mandelstam, J.B. (1945) Group Velocity in Crystal Lattice. Zhurn. Eksp. Teor. Fiz, 15, 475-478.
[6]  Veselago, V.G. (1968) The Electrodynamics of Substances with Simultaneously Negative Values of ε and μ. Soviet Physics Uspekhi, 10, 509-514.
[7]  Sievenpiper, D., Zhang, L., Broas, R.F., et al. (1999) High-Impedance Electromagnetic Surfaces with a Forbidden Frequency Band. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 47, 2059-2074.
[8]  Vallecchi, A., De Luis, J.R., Capolino, F., et al. (2012) Low Profile Fully Planar Folded Dipole Antenna on a High Impedance Surface. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 60, 51-62.
[9]  Ye, Y. and He, S. (2010) 90° Polarization Rotator Using a Bilayered Chiral Metamaterial with Giant Optical Activity. Applied Physics Letters, 96, 2001-2035.
[10]  Serdyukov, A., Semchenko, I., Tretyakov, S., et al. (2001) Electromagnetics of Bianisotropic Materials: Theory and Applications. Gordon and Breach, Amsterdam.
[11]  Gorkunov, M. and Lapine, M. (2004) Tuning of a Nonlinear Metamaterial Band Gap by an External Magnetic Field. Physical Review B, 70, Article ID: 235109.
[12]  Shadrivov, I.V., Kozyrev, A.B., Van der Weide, D.W., et al. (2008) Tunable Transmission and Harmonic Generation in Nonlinear Metamaterials. Applied Physics Letters, 93, Article ID: 161903.
[13]  Yunus, M., Zulkifli, F.Y. and Rahardjo, E.T. (2016) Radiation Characteristics of a Novel μ Negative Metamaterial Spiral Resonator Antenna at the 2.4 GHz. Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, 4, 1-11.
[14]  Krauss, J.D. (2001) Antennas for All Applications. 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
[15]  Dong, Y.D. (2012) Metamaterial-Based Antennas. Proceedings of the IEEE, 100, 2271-2285.
[16]  Hwang, R.B., Liu, H.W. and Chin, C.Y. (2009) A Metamaterial-Based E-Plane Horn Antenna. Progress in Electromagnetics Research, 93, 275-289.
[17]  Li, L.-W., Li, Y.-N., Yeo, T.S., Mosig, J.R. and Martin, O.J.F. (2010) A Broadband and High-Gain Metamaterial Microstrip Antenna. International Conference on Chinese Physics Letter.
[18]  Majid, H.A., Rahim, M.K.A. and Masri, T. (2009) Microstrip Antenna’s Gain Enhancement Using Left Handed Metamaterial Structure. Progress in Electromagnetics Research M, 8, 235-247.
[19]  Deshmukh, A.A. and Ray, K.P. (2012) Formulation of Resonance Frequencies for Dual-Band Slotted Rectangular Microstrip Antennas. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, 54, 78-97.
[20]  Alu, A., Engheta, N., Erentok, A., et al. (2007) Single-Negative, Double-Negative, and Lowindex Metamaterials and Their Electromagnetic Applications. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, 49, 23-36.
[21]  Padilla, W.J., Basov, D.N. and Smith, D.R. (2006) Negative Refractive Index Metamaterials. Materials Today, 9, 28-35.
[22]  Tarot, A.-C., Collardey, S. and Mahdjoubi, K. (2003) Numerical Studies of Metallic PBG Structures. Progress in Electromagnetics Research, 41, 133-157.
[23]  Wang, X., Zhang, M. and Wang, S.-J. (2011) Practicability Analysis and Application of PBG Structures on Cylindrical Conformal Microstrip Antenna and Array. Progress in Electromagnetics Research, 115, 495-507.


comments powered by Disqus