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The Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms of Reading: Comparing the Neuronal Recycling Hypothesis and the Interactive Account

DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.67103, PP. 790-797

Keywords: 单词阅读,字词识别,神经再利用假说,交互作用观
Words Reading
, Recognition of Words, The Neuronal Recycling Hypothesis, The Interactive Account

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语言心理学家对单词阅读的几个基本问题的探究乐此不疲,这些问题包括但不限于:1) 阅读过程中单词是如何在识别之后进一步达到语义的通达的?2) 人脑中是否存在一个特异于字词加工与识别的脑区?3) 一个单词的字形、语音、语义三个加工在阅读中是一种怎样的关系和程序?围绕这些问题,心理学家展开了一系列实验研究。本文基于正常被试及失语症被试的一系列行为实验研究和脑成像研究证据,对当前解释字词识别过程的神经再利用假说和交互作用观进行比较,并分析两者间存在的共识、冲突及原因。在此基础上,进一步阐述这两个理论和一篇元分析研究在单词阅读的不同阶段所具有的研究意义及局限性。
The language psychologists are fond of exploring the mechanisms of reading: how is the semantic information accessed after a word is recognized? Is there a brain region specialized for processing and recognizing visual words? Further, how does our brain process the phonological information, the visual form information and the semantic information of a word delicately? To answer these questions, psychologists proposed distinct hypotheses based on a set of psychological researches and neural imaging studies. This article makes a comparison between the Neuronal Recycling Hy-pothesis and the Interactive Account towards words reading, and explains the importance and li-mitation, combined with a meta-analysis research.


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