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冰区溢油风化过程及性质变化综述
Review of Weathering Progress and Oil Character Changes of Oil Spill in Ice Covered Water

DOI: 10.12677/AMS.2016.31001, PP. 1-5

Keywords: 冰区溢油,风化过程,溢油性质
Oil Spill in Ice Zone
, Weathering Progress, Oil Property

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Abstract:

随着海洋石油勘探开发技术不断发展,海上钻探项目越来越多,增加了溢油事故发生的可能性,尤其是海上复杂的环境条件使溢油回收更加困难,导致海洋生物和自然资源的极大灾害。发生在冰覆盖海域溢油事件的应急响应处置,要综合考虑经济效益和应急能力问题,包括溢油风化和移动、应对和清除方法、清除设备有效性、海岸保护活动、法律约束等问题。本文主要针对冰区溢油的风化特性进行研究。
With the continuous development of offshore oil exploration technology, a growing number of offshore drilling projects increase the possibility of oil spill accidents. Especially, the complex en-vironmental conditions in the sea make it more difficult to oil spill recovery and lead great disaster to marine species and natural resources. When oil spill occurs in freezing environment, it ought to consider the economic benefit and emergency response ability, which include oil spill weathering and transporting, response and cleanup methods, effectiveness of removing equipment, coastal protection activities, legal constraints and other issues. In this paper, the weathering characteristics and oil characters of oil spill in cold water were studied.

References

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450520110

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