Parking spaces play a vital role in the transportation system. Parking policies ensure
the efficient of the transportation system and the management of traffic demand.
Illegal parking practice can hamper sustainability of transportation system. This paper
attempts to analyze the illegal parking behavior in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia. Car
parking in the city of Jeddah is largely uncontrolled and there is a lack of management
of the public parking supply and controlled parking system. Parking survey at
five main locations (roads) at Jeddah city was conducted. Legal and illegal parking
were observed at the five roads. The observations were distributed over three time
periods: 7:00-9:00 am period (morning peak), 12:00-15:00 pm period (afternoon
peak) and 18:00-21:00 pm period (evening peak). The observations were collected,
studied and compared for weekdays and weekend. Results indicate that illegal parking
seems to be common in Jeddah city both on weekdays and weekend hampering
the sustainability of transportation system. It is crucial for Jeddah city to deploy
stringent parking policies in order to reduce the consequences of illegal parking behavior
and to achieve sustainability in transportation.
Albert, G., & Mahalel, D. (2006). Congestion Tolls and Parking Fees: A Comparison of the Potential Effect on Travel Behavior. Transport Policy, 13, 496-502.
Aljoufie, M., Zuidgeest, M., Brussel, M., & Van Maarseveen, M. (2013). Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Urban Growth and Transportation in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia. Cities, 31, 57-68.
Barone, R. E., Giuffrè, T., Siniscalchi, S. M., Morgano, M. A., & Tesoriere, G. (2014). Architecture for Parking Management in Smart Cities. IET Intelligent Transport Systems, 8, 445-452.
Cats, O., Zhang, C., & Nissan, A. (2016). Survey Methodology for Measuring Parking Occupancy: Impacts of an On-Street Parking Pricing Scheme in an Urban Center. Transport Policy, 47, 55-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2015.12.008
Costa, á., Rocha, C., & Melo, S. (2014). Parking Management Policies and the Effectiveness of Public Policy Solutions. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 111, 965-973.
Jose, I. C. M., Mercedes, C. N., & Xavier, F. (2015). Are Traffic Violators Criminals? Searching for Answers in the Experiences of European Countries. Transport Policy, 38, 86-94.
Ottomanelli, M., Dell’Orco, M., & Sassanelli, D. (2011). Modelling Parking Choice Behaviour Using Possibility Theory. Transportation Planning and Technology, 34, 647-667.
Shiftan, Y. (2002). The Effects of Parking Pricing and Supply on Travel Patterns to a Major Business District. In E. Stern, I. Salomon, & P. H. L. Bovy (Eds.), Travel Behaviour: Spatial Patterns, Congestion and Modelling (pp. 37-52). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Tian, Q., Guo, T., Qiao, S., Wei, Y., & Fei, W. (2014). Design of Intelligent Parking Management System Based on License Plate Recognition. Journal of Multimedia, 9, 774-780.
Yamashita, S., & Takami, K. (2014). Autonomous, Distributed Parking Lot Vacancy Management Using Inter Vehicle Communication. International Journal of Vehicular Technology, 2014, Article ID: 647487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/647487