Provision of public transport is critical for all social groups with high
need. The provision of effective public transport system in Jeddah is at the top
priorities of the national, regional and local plans. This paper attempts to develop
a public transport composite social need index in Jeddah using GIS. Population density,
car ownership, family size and income level indicators were considered for identifying
the social need in Jeddah. Results indicate that Jeddah is in high social need for
public transport and the provision of an efficient public transport is crucial for
the city. The composite social need index has shown both dispersed and clustered
patterns of high need for public transport in Jeddah. The results of this study
facilitate the identification of the high social need for public transport in Jeddah.
Further studies are highly recommended to include other social need indictors in
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