growing body of literature, built up over the years, has explored the cluster
concept. In parallel, another body of literature has accumulated regarding the
diversity and specialisation of cities. There has been little explicit linkage
between these two bodies of literature. This study sets out to explore the
potential link between these two representations of spatial patterns so that a
better understanding of the relationship between the two might be established.
The UK Annual Business Inquiry 2007 provides the employment data drawn from
various aggregated levels of the SIC 2003 for 70 TTWAs that represent the
British Urban System. The paper investigates the extent of spatial
concentration of individual sectors, and provides an example of how clusters
might be identified spatially. Further analysis, using data drawn from the SIC
1, 2 and 3 digit levels indicates the relationship levels
diversity/specialisation have with the clustering of activities, particularly
when various sub-sectors are examined. Specific locations, or groups of cities
are identified, which reinforce previous understandings of some of the key
concepts. The results indicate further analysis of the role of localisation and
urbanisation economies and their relationship with diversity/specialisation is required with an added emphasis on
occupational, rather than just industrial diversity.
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Coe, N.M. and Townsend, A.R. (1998) Debunking the Myth of Localized Agglomerations: The Development of a Regionalized Service Economy in South-East England. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 23, 385-404.
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Duranton, G. and Puga, D. (2001) Nursery Cities: Urban Diversity, Process Innovation, and the Life Cycle of Products. The American Economic Review, 91, 1454-1477. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.91.5.1454
O’Donoghue, D. and Townshend, I. (2005) The Diversification, Specialisation, Convergence and Divergence of Sectoral Employment Structures in the British Urban System, 1991-2001. Regional Studies, 39, 585-601.
Markusen, A., Wassall, G.H., DeNatale, D. and Cohen, R. (2008) Defining the Creative Economy: Industry and Occupational Approaches. Economic Development Quarterly, 22, 24-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0891242407311862
Currid, E. and Stolarick, K. (2010) The Occupation-Industry Mismatch: New Trajectories for Regional Cluster Analysis and Economic Development. Urban Studies, 47, 337-363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098009349024
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Chapman, K., MacKinnon, D. and Cumbers, A. (2004) Adjustment or Renewal in Regional Clusters? A Study of Diversification amongst SMEs in the Aberdeen Oil Complex. Transactions of the British Institute of Geographers, 29, 382-396. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0020-2754.2004.00250.x