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Total Ozone Content Trend during the Last Decade over Western Indian Tropical Station i.e. Udaipur

DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2016.52018, PP. 193-201

Keywords: Total Ozone Content, AI 300 nm, Stratospheric Parameters, Tropical Latitude

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This study focuses on multi-year change in Total Ozone Content (TOC) values measured simultaneously by ground based instrument, i.e., MICROTOPS-II sun photometer and space based TOMS satellite experiment during the last decade, i.e., the period from 2002 to 2009 in the outskirts of the semi-arid and semi-urban tropical region of Udaipur (24.6°N, 74°E; 580 m asl), India. The negative declining trend in TOC value has been detected about 2 DU/decade by using Linear Regression Analysis (LRA) of the monthly averaged TOC levels. The LRA presents the best statistically significant percentage level (p) of greater than 99%. From the comparison of present result with the observations reported over mid, high and polar latitude sites, long-term TOC variability from tropical site is found to be the lowest, followed by their intermediate range from 10 to 30 DU/ decade over mid latitude sites and the highest range from 30 to 50 DU/decade over high to polar latitude. In order to establish the possible linking of reduction in TOC level per decade with other stratospheric dynamic parameters and atmospheric UV aerosols parameter, inter-annual change in average monthly TOC level has shown a strong correlation coefficient (r) of the order of 0.73 (p > 99.9990) with the stratospheric temperature, followed by its observed lower r value of 0.25 (p = 99%) for stratospheric zonal wind and then a significant correlation (r = 0.17; p = 95%) for AI 300 nm (Aerosols Index 300 nm) parameter. The variation of monthly mean meridional wind component does not illustrate a statistically significant correlation (r = 0.13; p < 80%) with their respective multi-year change in mean monthly TOC values. The consequence of such reduction of TOC per decade may be identified as the result of expected enhancement in incident ground UV-radiation level. At the same time, the harmful influence of increasing the UV level seems to be counteracted and reduced with the evidence of observed higher level of AI at 300 nm as high as 3 in the summer months over selected tropical environmental site.


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