All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

The Shell Model of the Universe: A Universe Generated from Multiple Big Bangs

DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2016.77062, PP. 611-626

Keywords: Big Bang, Variability in Hubble’s Constant, Paradox of Quasars, Problematic Accelerated Expansion of the Universe

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


The Current Standard Model of the Universe asserts that the universe is generated from a single Big Bang event followed by inflation. There is no center to this universe, hence, no preferential reference frame to describe the motions of celestial objects. We propose a new, Shell Model of the Universe, which contends that the universe is created from multiple, concentric big bangs. Accordingly, that origin presents itself as a unique, preferential reference frame, which furnishes the simplest description of the motions of galaxies in the cosmos. This is similar in manner to how planetary motion is more straightforwardly described via a sun-centered Solar System rather than an earth-centered one. The appeal of the Shell Model of the Universe lies in its simplistic ability to resolve the paradox of quasars, explain the variability in Hubble’s Constant, and solve the problematic accelerated expansion of the universe.


[1]  Freedman, W., et al. (2001) Astrophysical Journal, 553, 47.
[2]  Freedman, W. and Turner, M. (2003) Reviews of Modern Physics, 75, 1433.
[3]  Perlmutter, S. (2003) Physics Today, 2003, 53.
[4]  Ruderman, G. (2005) Three Distant Quasars Found at Edge of Universe. Sloan Digital Sky Survey.
[5]  Britt, R. (2005) Astounding Findings’ Pin down Age of Universe, Birth of First Stars.
[6]  Sneden, C. (2001) Nature, 409, 673-375.
[7]  de Bernardis, P., et al. (2000) Nature, 404, 955-959.
[8]  Chen, T. and Chen, Z. (2011) The Paper “Advantages of Three-Dimensional Space-Time Frames”. Journal of Frontiers in Science, Sciences Academic Publisher 2011.


comments powered by Disqus