All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Health  2016 

Morbidity Due to Obesity, Hypertension and Diabetes II Attributable to Non-Breastfeeding and Low Birth Weight during the 1000 Days of Life: Estimation of the Population Attributable Fraction

DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.85041, PP. 386-401

Keywords: Epidemiologic Measurements, Breastfeeding, Low Birth Weight, Chronic Disease, Public Health

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Introduction: There is evidence that malnutrition during the first 1000 days of life contributes to the development of chronic diseases in adulthood and therefore may produce a lasting impact on the health of the population. Colombia, like other middle-income countries suffers the double burden of malnutrition in pregnant women and children under 5 years. Also, chronic diseases have positioned within the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Objective: The aim is to estimate the burden of disease of noncommunicable chronic diseases-NCD’s (hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus II) in adults attributable to nutritional risk factors (no-breastfeeding and low birthweight) in the period of 1000 days in Colombia. Methods: The population attributable fraction and the number of NCD’s (hypertension, diabetes mellitus II and obesity) cases due to the risk factors (low birthweight and no-breastfeeding) were estimated. Prevalences of NCD’s and risk factors of interest were taken from national health surveys. Effect measures (odds ratios/relative risks) of the associations 1—low birthweight and hypertension, diabetes mellitus II and 2—no-breastfeeding and obesity were obtained after a systematic literature search. Results: It was estimated that not receiving breastfeeding in the 1000 days could contribute up to 29.9% of all cases of obesity, equivalent to about 4,009,779 cases across the country. Low birth weight could contribute up to 2.1% of cases of hypertension in men and to 4.0% of cases in women, equivalent to 103.769 cases across the country. In addition, low birth weight could contribute to 6.3% of diabetes mellitus II cases, which is equivalent to 23.857 cases in the country. Conclusion: In Colombia, risk factors during the first 1000 days like not receiving breastfeeding and having low birth weight could contribute up to 4,113,549 cases of obesity, hypertension and diabetes mellitus II, with important implications for the health of the population and the Colombian health system.

References

[1]  World Health Organization (WHO) (2008) The Global Burden of Disease.
http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/2004_report_update/en/
[2]  Miranda, J.J., Kinra, S., Casas, J.P., Davey Smith, G. and Ebrahim, S. (2008) Non-Communicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Context, Determinants and Health Policy. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 13, 1225-1234.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02116.x
[3]  Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries, Fuster, V. and Kelly, B.B., Eds. (2010) Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World: A Critical Challenge to Achieve Global Health. National Academies Press (US), Washington DC.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK45693/
[4]  World Health Organization (WHO) (2003) Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases.
http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/trs916/download/en/
[5]  Adair, L.S. (2014) Long-Term Consequences of Nutrition and Growth in Early Childhood and Possible Preventive Interventions. Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series, 78, 111-120.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000354949
[6]  Canani, R.B., Costanzo, M.D., Leone, L., Bedogni, G., Brambilla, P., Cianfarani, S., et al. (2011) Epigenetic Mechanisms Elicited by Nutrition in Early Life. Nutrition Research Reviews, 24, 198-205.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954422411000102
[7]  Delisle, H. (2002) Foetal Programming of Nutrition-Related Chronic Diseases. Sante, 12, 56-63.
[8]  Langley-Evans, S.C. and McMullen, S. (2010) Developmental Origins of Adult Disease. Medical Principles and Practice, 19, 87-98.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000273066
[9]  Uauy, R., Albala, C. and Kain, J. (2001) Obesity Trends in Latin América: Transiting from under to Overweight. Journal of Nutrition, 131, 893S-899S.
[10]  Albala, C., Vio, F., Kain, J. and Uauy, R. (2001) Nutrition Transition in Latin America: The Case of Chile. Nutrition Reviews, 59, 170-176.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2001.tb07008.x
[11]  Uauy, R., Kain, J. and Corvalan, C. (2011) How Can the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) Hypothesis Contribute to Improving Health in Developing Countries? The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94, 1759S-1764S.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.110.000562
[12]  Barría, R.M. and Amigo, H. (2006) Nutrition Transition: A Review of Latin American Profile. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición, 56, 3-11.
[13]  Bermudez, O.I. and Tucker, K.L. (2003) Trends in Dietary Patterns of Latin American Populations. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 19, S87-S99.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000700010
[14]  UNICEF (2013) Improving Child Nutrition: The Achievable Imperative for Global Progress.
http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_68661.html
[15]  Bhutta, Z.A., et al. (2013) Evidence-Based Interventions for Improvement of Maternal and Child Nutrition: What Can Be Done and at What Cost? The Lancet, 382, 452-477.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)60996-4
[16]  Brenseke, B., Prater, M.R., Bahamonde, J. and Gutierrez, J.C. (2013) Current Thoughts on Maternal Nutrition and Fetal Programming of the Metabolic Syndrome. Journal of Pregnancy, 2013, Article ID: 368461.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/368461
[17]  Yang, Z. and Huffman, S.L. (2013) Nutrition in Pregnancy and Early Childhood and Associations with Obesity in Developing Countries. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 9, 105-119.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12010
[18]  Curhan, G.C., Chertow, G.M., Willett, W.C., Spiegelman, D., Colditz, G.A., Manson, J.E., Speizer, F.E. and Stampfer, M.J. (1996) Birth Weight and Adult Hypertension and Obesity in Women. Circulation, 94, 1310-1315.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.94.6.1310
[19]  Shields, L., Mamun, A.A., O’Callaghan, M., Williams, G.M. and Najman, J.M. (2010) Breastfeeding and Obesity at 21 Years: A Cohort Study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19, 1612-1617.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03015.x
[20]  Christian, P. and Stewart, C.P. (2010) Maternal Micronutrient Deficiency, Fetal Development, and the Risk of Chronic Disease. Journal of Nutrition, 140, 437-445.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/jn.109.116327
[21]  Fall, C.H. (2013) Fetal Malnutrition and Long-Term Outcomes.
http://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/348384
[22]  Fall, C.H. (2013) Fetal Programming and the Risk of Noncommunicable Disease. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 80, 13-20.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-012-0834-5
[23]  Gluckman, P.D., Hanson, M.A. and Beedle, A.S. (2007) Early Life Events and Their Consequences for Later Disease: A Life History and Evolutionary Perspective. American Journal of Human Biology, 19, 1-19.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.20590
[24]  Henriksen, T., Haugen, G., Bollerslev, J., Kolset, S.O., Drevon, C.A., Iversen, P.O., et al. (2005) Fetal Nutrition and Future Health. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 125, 442-444.
[25]  Barker, D.J.P. (2012) Developmental Origins of Chronic Disease. Public Health, 126, 185-189.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2011.11.014
[26]  Lutter, C.K. and Lutter, R. (2012) Fetal and early Childhood Undernutrition, Mortality, and Lifelong Health. Science, 337, 1495-1499.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1224616
[27]  World Health Organization (WHO) (2001) The Optimal Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding.
http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/WHO_NHD_01.09/en/
[28]  Familiar ICdB. Encuesta Nacional de Situación Nutricional en Colombia (ENSIN) 2010.
http://www.icbf.gov.co/portal/page/portal/PortalICBF/Bienestar/ENSIN1
[29]  Profamilia APdlFC-Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud (ENDS) 2010.
http://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/1361
[30]  Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE) (2010) Estadísticas vitales 2011.
http://www.dane.gov.co/
[31]  Encuesta Nacional de Salud (2007) Pontificia Universidad Javeriana-SEI-Ministerio de la Protección Social.
http://www.scp.com.co/ArchivosSCP/Encuesta_Nacional_de_Salud_2007.pdf
[32]  Análisis de la situación de salud de Colombia (2013) Tomo III, Morbilidad y Mortalidad de la población Colombiana.
[33]  Instituto Nacional de Salud (2013) Observatorio Nacional de Salud, Boletín 1 Diciembre de 2013.
http://www.ins.gov.co/lineas-de-accion/ons/boletin%201/boletin_web_ONS/boletin_01_ONS.pdf
[34]  Análisis de la situación de salud de Colombia (2002-2007) Tomo III, Morbilidad y Mortalidad de la población Colombiana.
[35]  Murray, C.J., Ezzati, M., Lopez, A.D., Rodgers, A. and Vander Hoorn, S. (2003) Comparative Quantification of Health Risks Conceptual Framework and Methodological Issues. Population Health Metrics, 1, 1.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-1-1
[36]  World Health Organization (WHO) (2013) WHO Methods and Data Sources for Global Burden of Disease Estimates 2000-2011.
http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/GlobalDALYmethods_2000_2011.pdf?ua=1
[37]  Curhan, G.C., Willett, W.C., Rimm, E.B., Spiegelman, D., Ascherio, A.L. and Stampfer, M.J. (1996) Birth Weight and Adult Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, and Obesity in US Men. Circulation, 94, 3246-3250.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.94.12.3246
[38]  Curhan, G.C., Chertow, G.M., Willett, W.C., Spiegelman, D., Colditz, G.A., Manson, J.E., Speizer, F.E. and Stampfer, M.J. (1996) Birth Weight and Adult Hypertension and Obesity in Women. Circulation, 94, 1310-1315.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.94.6.1310
[39]  Fall, C.H., Borja, J.B., Osmond, C., Richter, L., Bhargava, S.K., Martorell, R., Stein, A.D., Barros, F.C. and Victora, C.G., COHORTS Group (2011) Infant-Feeding Patterns and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Young Adulthood: Data from Five Cohorts in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40, 47-62.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyq155
[40]  Murray, C.J. and Lopez, A.D. (1997) Global Mortality, Disability, and the Contribution of Risk Factors: Global Burden of Disease Study. The Lancet, 349, 1436-1442.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(96)07495-8

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus