All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Assessing the Association between Heart Attack, High Blood Pressure, and Heart Disease Mortality Rates and Particulate Matter and Socioeconomic Status Using Multivariate Geostatistical Model

DOI: 10.4236/odem.2016.41002, PP. 8-15

Keywords: Heart Attack, High Blood Pressure, Heart Disease, Mortality, United States, Multivariate Geostatistics, Coregionalization, Multivariate Multiple, Linear

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

This study addresses the public concerns of potential adverse health effects from ambient fine particulate matter as well as socioeconomic factors. Heart attack, high blood pressure, and heart disease mortality rates were investigated against fine particulate matter and socioeconomic status, for all counties in the United States in 2013. Multivariate multiple regressions as well as multivariate geostatistical predictions show that these are significant factors towards assessing the causal inferences between exposure to air pollution and socioeconomic status and the three mortality rates.

References

[1]  Go, A.S., Mozaffarian, D., Roger, V.L., Benjamin, E.J., Berry, J.D., Borden, W.B., Bravata, D.M., Dai, S., Ford, E.S., Fox, C.S., Franco, S., Fullerton, H.J., Gillespie, C., Hailpern, S.M., Heit, J.A., Howard, V.J., Huffman, M.D., Kissela, B.M., Kittner, S.J., Lackland, D.T., Lichtman, J.H., Lisabeth, L.D., Magid, D., Marcus, G.M., Marelli, A., Matchar, D.B., McGuire, D.K., Mohler, E.R., Moy, C.S., Mussolino, M.E., Nichol, G., Paynter, N.P., Schreiner, P.J., Sorlie, P.D., Stein, J., Turan, T.N., Virani, S.S., Wong, N.D., Woo, D. and Turner, M.B. (2013) Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2013 Update: A Report from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 127, e6-e245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIR.0b013e31828124ad
[2]  Arbor, A. (2015) Heart Attack Mortality Rates Unchanged in Spite of Faster Care at Hospitals|University of Michigan Health System.
http://www.uofmhealth.org/news/archive/201309/heart-attack-mortality-rates-unchanged-spite-faster-care
[3]  Department of Human Services (Victoria) and Heart Foundation (2011) Blood Pressure. Better Health Channel. http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Blood_pressure_explained
[4]  Donaldson, K., Mills, N., MacNee, W., Robinson, S. and Newby, D. (2005) Role of Inflammation in Cardiopulmonary Health Effects of PM. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 207, 483-488.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2005.02.020
[5]  Duffin, R., Mills, N.L. and Donaldson, K. (2007) Nanoparticles—A Thoracic Toxicology Perspective. Yonsei Medical Journal, 48, 561-572. http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2007.48.4.561
[6]  Mills, N.L., Miller, M.R., Lucking, A.J., Beveridge, J., Flint, L., Boere, A.J.F., Fokkens, P.H., Boon, N.A., Sandstrom, T., Blomberg, A., Duffin, R., Donaldson, K., Hadoke, P.W.F., Cassee, F.R. and Newby, D.E. (2011) Combustion-Derived Nanoparticulate Induces the Adverse Vascular Effects of Diesel Exhaust Inhalation. European Heart Journal, 32, 2660-2671. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehr195
[7]  Rose, G. and Marmot, M.G. (1981) Social Class and Coronary Heart Disease. British Heart Journal, 45, 13-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/hrt.45.1.13
[8]  Marmot, M. (2004) Status Syndrome. Significance, 1, 150-154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-9713.2004.00058.x
[9]  Hubbell, B. (2015) Workshop to Define Approaches to Assess the Effectiveness of Policies to Reduce PM2.5. http://www.cleanairinfo.com/finepmpolicy/Webinar/webinar_video_P1_Hubbell.html
[10]  Zigler, C.M. and Dominici, F. (2014) Point: Clarifying Policy Evidence with Potential-Outcomes Thinking—Beyond Exposure-Response Estimation in Air Pollution Epidemiology. American Journal of Epidemiology, 180, 1133-1140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwu263
[11]  Vanderweele, T.J. and Vansteelandt, S. (2009) Conceptual Issues Concerning Mediation, Interventions and Composition. Statistics and Its Interface, 2, 457-468. http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/SII.2009.v2.n4.a7
[12]  Robins, J.M. and Greenland, S. (1992) Identifiability and Exchangeability for Direct and Indirect Effects. Epidemiology, 3, 143-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001648-199203000-00013
[13]  CDC (2015) Interactive Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke. [Online]. http://nccd.cdc.gov/dhdspatlas/
[14]  EPA (2015) AirData. [Online]. http://aqsdr1.epa.gov/aqsweb/aqstmp/airdata/download_files.html#Daily
[15]  Wackernagel, H. (2013) Multivariate Geostatistics: An Introduction with Applications. Springer, Berlin.
[16]  Atkinson, R.W., Bremner, S.A., Anderson, H.R., Strachan, D.P., Bland, J.M. and de Leon, A.P. (1999) Short-Term Associations between Emergency Hospital Admissions for Respiratory and Cardiovascular Disease and Outdoor Air Pollution in London. Archives of Environmental Health, 54, 398-411.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00039899909603371
[17]  Wong, T.W., Tam, W.S., Yu, T.S. and Wong, A.H.S. (2002) Associations between Daily Mortalities from Respiratory and Cardiovascular Diseases and Air Pollution in Hong Kong, China. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59, 30-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oem.59.1.30
[18]  Crapo, J.D., Broaddus, V.C., Brody, A.R., Malindzak, G., Samet, J. and Wright, J.R. (2003) Workshop on Lung Disease and the Environment: Where Do We Go from Here? American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 168, 250-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.168.2.250
[19]  Pope, C.A., Schwartz, J. and Ransom, M.R. (1992) Daily Mortality and PM10 Pollution in Utah Valley. Archives of Environmental Health, 47, 211-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00039896.1992.9938351
[20]  Jerrett, M., Gale, S. and Kontgis, C. (2010) Spatial Modeling in Environmental and Public Health Research. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7, 1302-1329.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph7041302
[21]  Glass, T.A., Goodman, S.N., Hernán, M.A. and Samet, J.M. (2013) Causal Inference in Public Health. Annual Review of Public Health, 34, 61-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031811-124606
[22]  Noffsinger, M.A., Pfefferbaum, B., Pfefferbaum, R.L., Sherrib, K. and Norris, F.H. (2012) The Burden of Disaster: Part I. Challenges and Opportunities within a Child’s Social Ecology. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 14, 3-13.
[23]  Morgenstern, H. and Thomas, D. (1993) Principles of Study Design in Environmental Epidemiology. Environmental Health Perspectives, 101, 23-38.
[24]  Anderson, F., Carson, A., Whitehead, L. and Burau, K. (2014) Spatiotemporal Analysis of the Effect of Ozone and Fine Particulate on CVD Emergency Room Visits in Harris County, Texas. Open Journal of Air Pollution, 3, 87-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojap.2014.34009
[25]  Smyth, J.D. (1988) Multivariate Geostatistical Analysis of Groundwater Contamination by Pesticide and Nitrate.
[26]  Anderson, F. (2014) Multivariate Geostatistical Model for Groundwater Constituents in Texas. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 1609-1617. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijg.2014.513132
[27]  Goovaerts, P. (2006) Geostatistical Analysis of Disease Data: Accounting for Spatial Support and Population Density in the Isopleth Mapping of Cancer Mortality Risk Using Area-to-Point Poisson Kriging. International Journal of Health Geographics, 5, 52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-072X-5-52
[28]  Kulldorff, M., Tango, T. and Park, P.J. (2003) Power Comparisons for Disease Clustering Tests. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 42, 665-684.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-9473(02)00160-3
[29]  Mantel, N. (1967) The Detection of Disease Clustering and a Generalized Regression Approach. Cancer Research, 27, 209-220.
[30]  Rothman, K.J. (1987) Clustering of Disease. American Journal of Public Health, 77, 13-15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.77.1.13
[31]  Song, C. and Kulldorff, M. (2003) Power Evaluation of Disease Clustering Tests. International Journal of Health Geographics, 2, 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-072X-2-9
[32]  Lawson, A. (2010) Statistical Methods for Disease Clustering. Annals of Epidemiology, 20, 964.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2010.07.101

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal