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电子学报  2012 

稀疏网格平方根求积分非线性滤波器

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0372-2112.2012.07.002, PP. 1298-1303

Keywords: 非线性滤波器,稀疏网格,高斯-厄米特积分,求积分滤波器,无味卡尔曼滤波器

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Abstract:

针对具有加性噪声的非线性高斯动态系统的状态估计问题,本文提出一种新的基于稀疏网格法的平方根求积分滤波器(SSRQF),该滤波器通过稀疏网格取点来近似计算多维积分并进行平方根滤波.与常规QF的积分点数随着维数呈指数增长相比,该方法的积分点数随着维数呈多项式增长,减少了计算量;理论分析表明,无味卡尔曼滤波器(UKF)只是稀疏网格求积分滤波器(SQF)的一个特例,因此SSRQF在精度和取点上比UKF更为灵活.仿真实验表明,SSRQF的滤波精度均高于UKF和扩展卡尔曼滤波器(EKF),是一种效率较高的高精度非线性滤波算法.

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