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电子学报  2015 

一种上变频自供电无线传感器电源管理电路

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0372-2112.2015.07.024, PP. 1407-1412

Keywords: 自供电,上变频,电源管理电路,无线传感器

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Abstract:

电线周围的电磁场能量密度低,电磁换能器采集到的能量通常无法直接驱动无线传感器正常工作.论文采用上变频技术,设计了一种自供电电源管理电路来提高能量采集效率.由于电路的输出功率与品质因数成正比,且品质因数的大小与电路谐振电容的根号值成反比,因此通过提高电路的工作频率来减小谐振电容值,可以使高品质因数的电路产生更高的输出功率,进而增加能量采集效率.实验结果表明,该电路的最大能量采集效率是传统桥式整流电路的2.1倍.当电线中通过1A、50Hz的交流电时,电源管理电路最大采集功率为780μW,能量采集效率达到48.75%.当管理电路中超级电容能量积累达到一定程度,电容放电驱动无线传感器工作.

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