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地质通报  2009 

青藏高原岩浆岩成因研究:成果与展望

, PP. 1693-1703

Keywords: 青藏高原,岩浆岩成因,回顾,展望

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Abstract:

青藏高原是国际地学界公认的大陆动力学研究的天然实验室。岩浆是地球各层圈之间物质和能量交换的重要载体。岩浆岩及其所携带的深源岩石包体被当作探究地球深部的“探针”和“窗口”,同时也是板块运动与大地构造事件的记录。主要讨论青藏高原岩浆岩成因(特别是岩浆成因)研究的成就与存在的问题。首先阐述了关于青藏高原岩浆岩成因研究的基本思路。然后重点回顾了青藏高原岩浆岩成因研究的成果,包括冈底斯同碰撞花岗岩类的成因、钾质―超钾质火山岩的成因、埃达克质火成岩的成因、强过铝质花岗岩的成因、印度洋/特提斯地幔地球化学域的成因、与地幔柱活动有关的岩浆岩的成因,以及对“地球深部岩石的直接标本”的研究。最后提出了对今后青藏高原岩浆岩成因研究的展望。

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