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用基本两位量子逻辑门实现N位量子逻辑门的研究

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Keywords: 量子电路,量子逻辑门,幺正变换,Toffoli门

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Abstract:

量子电路是实现量子态幺正演化的手段,一位和两位门是构成量子电路的基础。Barenco用基本的两位量子逻辑门实现n位量子逻辑门功能,张登玉在Barenco的工作基础上对用基本的两位量子逻辑门实现n位量子逻辑门功能进行了改进。通过对Barenco方案和张登玉方案的分析和研究,提出了一个用基本的两位量子逻辑门实现n位量子逻辑门功能的新方案,该方案结构更简单,且所用的两位门更易于实现,同时指出和改正了张文的不太准确的结论。

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