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不同氨氮浓度对混凝-超滤组合工艺水质处理效果及膜通量的影响

Keywords: 氨氮,超滤,膜通量,污染类型

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Abstract:

我国地表水源污染物中氨氮是普遍存在的,且难以处理,实验选择混凝-超滤组合工艺,腐殖酸为NOM的代表物,通过考察污染物中氨氮不同含量水平的变化,考察氨氮含量对出水水质、通量下降和污染类型这3个方面的影响。结果表明,在给定实验条件下,氨氮含量由0.1mg/L增大至0.5mg/L时,加快了污染物在膜表面的沉积,最终导致出水有机物含量降低。PVDF和PVC膜的TOC去除率分别提高17.31%和23.21%,UV254去除率分别提高2.78%和11.72%,膜组件通量分别下降了3.51%和10.17%。考察膜污染类型,发现氨氮促进了标准孔堵塞和滤饼层形成,同时削弱完全孔堵塞和中间孔堵塞。

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