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降低冷灰斗内灰渣含碳量的数值模拟和试验研究

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Keywords: 煤粉,钝体,卫燃带,灰渣含碳量,数值模拟

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Abstract:

针对某电厂300?MW锅炉实际运行过程中出现的燃烧不稳定以及灰渣内含碳量偏高的问题,对煤粉颗粒经过燃烧器后运动轨迹以及炉内实际燃烧情况进行分析,提出通过改造最下层燃烧器与主燃区内敷设一定面积卫燃带的方法,来减少煤粉颗粒掉入冷灰斗内的数量,提高煤粉颗粒的燃尽率,从而降低大渣中含碳量。数值计算结果表明,改造后的炉膛内,最下层燃烧器内钝体更换为隔板后,煤粉颗粒随主气流向上运动的数量明显增多;敷设卫燃带后,主燃区温度升高,煤粉颗粒燃尽率提升明显,大大降低了冷灰斗内灰渣含碳量。改造后的试验结果表明,大渣含碳量较改造前降低了23.2%~28.6%。最下层燃烧器内煤粉颗粒细度对大渣含碳量的影响较大,保证制粉系统制粉及给粉的均匀性是稳定改造后大渣含碳量的关键。

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