Lazaro R,Canton Y,SoleBenet A,et al.The influence of competition between lichen colonization and erosion on the evolution of soil surfaces in the Tabernas badlands (SE Spain) and its landscape effects〔J〕.Geomorphology,2008,102(2):252-266.
Wu N,Zhang Y M,Downing A.Comparative study of nitrogenase activity in different types of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert,Northwestern China〔J〕.Journal of Arid Environments,2009,73:828-833.
Chen R Y,Zhang Y M,Li Y,et al.The variation of morphological features and mineralogical components of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert of Northwestern China〔J〕.Environmental Geology,2009,57:1 135-1 143.
Bates S T,Nash T H,Sweat K G,et al.Fungal communities of lichendominated biological soil crusts: Diversity,relative microbial biomass,and their relationship to disturbance and crust cover〔J〕.Journal of Arid Environments,2010,74(10):1 192-1 199.
Rai H,Upreti D K,Gupta R K.Diversity and distribution of terricolous lichens as indicator of habitat heterogeneity and grazing induced trampling in a temperatealpine shrub and meadow〔J〕.Biodiversity and Conservation,2012,21(1):97-113.王雪芹,李丙文,张元明.古尔班通古特沙漠沙垄表面的稳定性与顶部流动带的形成〔J〕.中国沙漠,2003,23(2):126-131.
Wu N,Zhang Y M,Pan H X,et al.The role of nonphotosynthetic microbes in the recovery of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert,Northwestern China〔J〕.Arid Land Research and Management,2010,24(1):42-56.
Langhans T M,Storm C,Schwabe A.Regeneration processes of biological soil crusts,macrocryptogams and vascular plant species after finescale disturbance in a temperate region: Recolonization or successional replacement?〔J〕.Flora,2010,205(1):46-60.