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采用LCL滤波的三相并网逆变器

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Keywords: LCL滤波器,扰动电流,孤岛检测,频率偏移

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Abstract:

LCL滤波器相比LC和L滤波器,在相同的电感体积下高频衰减效果好,与电网的连接,呈感性,可以抑制电网与电容相连时冲击电流的影响。但LCL滤波器易发生电压或者电流谐振产生尖峰,影响系统稳定性。本文采用的分裂电容法的并网控制策略可将采用LCL滤波器的并网逆变器系统由三阶系统简化为一阶系统消除谐振。针对孤岛问题,本文基于反孤岛测试系统提出了注入扰动电流到q轴的检测方法,根据孤岛条件下扰动电流的注入导致公共耦合点处的频率发生偏移进行孤岛判断。在Matlab/Simlink基础上进行了仿真验证了分裂电容电流控制的正确性,而孤岛检测方法在150ms内检测到孤岛状态,满足了UL规定的2s内孤岛检测要求。最后搭建了10kW样机进行了实验。结果表明分裂电容的控制策略在保证并网电流具有较高的功率因数和较低的谐波含量的基础上使系统简单易控制。

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