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城市居住空间分异背景下青少年成长的邻里影响——以广州市鹭江村与逸景翠园为例

DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.06.004, PP. 756-764

Keywords: 机构资源,居住空间分异,邻里影响,青少年成长,群体社会化

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Abstract:

城市居住空间分异是现代城市社会阶层分化导致的普遍现象,西方许多研究证明这种特定人群集中居住的邻里会对其中的青少年的成长产生多方面的影响。本文以广州市鹭江村和逸景翠园社区为例进行对比研究,探究中国城市中不同邻里对居住在其中的青少年成长的影响。在此将邻里特征分为社会经济特征、家庭教育观念特征、同龄人交往特征、机构资源特征4个方面,运用logistic回归分析发现,上述4个方面的邻里特征确实会对青少年的成长产生影响,其中社会经济特征对青少年的学习成绩有影响,家庭教育观念特征影响青少年的教育表现与心理状态,同龄人交往特征则对青少年性格有重要影响,机构资源特征会影响青少年发展机会的获得。而邻里影响的作用机制可以用Jencks等的邻里机构资源模式和群体社会化模式来解释。

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