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一维非饱和土固结简化计算的改进方法

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Keywords: 道路工程,一维固结,混合流体,非饱和土,吸力

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Abstract:

对于较高饱和度的非饱和土,通过将孔隙中水、气看作一种混合介质简化固结过程,提出了改进的计算方法。考虑加荷初期,由水、气、土骨架共同承担荷载建立平衡方程,求得三者分担的应力和土体体积压缩量;固结过程中,将水和气看成混合的可压缩流体,建立混合流体的连续性方程,求解混合流体压力;同时考虑孔隙比和饱和度的变化,将孔隙水与混合流体的流量联系,建立改进的水连续性方程,求解水压力,进而求得气压力,吸力和土体的压缩量。结果表明一维非饱和土的加载及固结中孔隙水压、有效应力、体变及饱和度的变化合理,体变计算值接近于试验值,该方法正确。

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