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菌物学报  2015 

斑玉蕈蛛网病的病原菌及其生物学特性

DOI: DOI:10.13346/j.mycosystema.140248, PP. 350-356

Keywords: 蛛网病,金黄菌寄生,病原菌鉴定,生物学特性

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Abstract:

近期在福建省一家斑玉蕈厂发现一种新病害。为明确该致病菌,通过感病子实体组织分离获得一株病原菌,经过形态特征观察和rDNA-ITS序列分析,确定该病原菌为金黄菌寄生Hypomycesaurantius,该病害名为蛛网病。这是金黄菌寄生所致斑玉蕈蛛网病在国内的首次报道。通过对该病原菌生物学特性的研究,发现其菌丝体最佳生长条件为20℃,pH5.5,葡萄糖为碳源,蛋白胨为氮源,光照对菌丝体生长有一定抑制作用。在出菇过程中严格控制低温条件,同时加强通风和环境卫生管理有助于预防该病害发生。

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