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化工学报  2015 

固体酸表面B酸和L酸与果糖转化制乳酸甲酯产物分布

DOI: 10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20150837, PP. 3428-3436

Keywords: 固体酸催化剂,果糖,乳酸甲酯,乙酰丙酸甲酯,B酸位,L酸位

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Abstract:

制备了γ-Al2O3、HZSM-5、SnOPO4、SnZrOPO4(1:1)、SO42-/ZrO25种不同的固体酸催化剂,采用NH3程序升温脱附、吡啶原位吸附红外对催化剂进行了表征。考察了固体酸催化果糖在甲醇中转化的催化性能,结果表明,果糖的转化率均高于98%,产物分布与固体酸表面L酸、B酸酸量具有显著的相关性,乳酸甲酯的收率随着L酸量的减少而降低,L酸催化剂γ-Al2O3催化,主产物只有乳酸甲酯,收率为24.4%。而L酸位和B酸位共存的固体酸,产物中有乳酸甲酯、乙酰丙酸甲酯,并且乙酰丙酸甲酯的收率随着B酸量的增多而升高。最后考察了典型L酸γ-Al2O3及B酸L酸共存的固体酸HZSM-5不同反应时间的产物分布,结合气相-质谱联用对产物定性分析,得出了果糖转化过程L酸位催化和B酸位催化的反应路径。

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