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财贸经济  2014 

国际大宗商品价格波动中的中国因素——基于2000-2013年月度数据和递归VAR模型的分析

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Keywords: 国际大宗商品价格,总需求,全球流动性,中国因素

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Abstract:

本文基于2000-2013年的月度数据和递归(Recursive)VAR模型,研究国际大宗商品价格的变化及中国因素的相对重要性。结果发现:实体经济需求和流动性水平相对供给因素对大宗商品价格的影响更为显著。中国因素对于不同种类大宗商品的影响存在差异,中国需求对铜、铝、锌的影响程度高于发达国家,而且影响的时间相对发达国家更为持久;但是,中国的流动性对大宗商品价格的影响程度普遍低于发达国家,而且影响时间更为短暂。金融危机期间大宗商品市场受发达国家需求的影响显著增强,量化宽松货币政策推升了大宗商品价格,表明金融危机及相关刺激政策影响了大宗商品市场的运行。

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