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Spatiotemporal pattern formation of Beddington-DeAngelis-type predator-prey model

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Abstract:

In this paper, we investigate the emergence of a predator-prey model with Beddington-DeAngelis-type functional response and reaction-diffusion. We derive the conditions for Hopf and Turing bifurcation on the spatial domain. Based on the stability and bifurcation analysis, we give the spatial pattern formation via numerical simulation, i.e., the evolution process of the model near the coexistence equilibrium point. We find that for the model we consider, pure Turing instability gives birth to the spotted pattern, pure Hopf instability gives birth to the spiral wave pattern, and both Hopf and Turing instability give birth to stripe-like pattern. Our results show that reaction-diffusion model is an appropriate tool for investigating fundamental mechanism of complex spatiotemporal dynamics. It will be useful for studying the dynamic complexity of ecosystems.

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