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Pushdown Systems for Monotone Frameworks

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Monotone frameworks is one of the most successful frameworks for intraprocedural data flow analysis extending the traditional class of bitvector frameworks (like live variables and available expressions). Weighted pushdown systems is similarly one of the most general frameworks for interprocedural analysis of programs. However, it makes use of idempotent semirings to represent the sets of properties and unfortunately they do not admit analyses whose transfer functions are not strict (e.g., classical bitvector frameworks). This motivates the development of algorithms for backward and forward reachability of pushdown systems using sets of properties forming so-called flow algebras that weaken some of the assumptions of idempotent semirings. In particular they do admit the bitvector frameworks, monotone frameworks, as well as idempotent semirings. We show that the algorithms are sound under mild assumptions on the flow algebras, mainly that the set of properties constitutes a join semi-lattice, and complete provided that the transfer functions are suitably distributive (but not necessarily strict).


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