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Performance evaluation aodv, dymo, olsr and zrpad hoc routing protocol for ieee 802.11 mac and 802.11 dcf in vanet using qualnet

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In VANET high speed is the real characteristics which leads to frequent breakdown, interference etc. Therefore Performance of adhoc routing protocols is helpful to improve the Quality of Service (QOS). In this paper we studied various adhoc routing protocols, Reactive, Proactive & Hybrid, taking in to consideration parameters like speed, altitude, mobility etc in real VANET scenario. The AODV and DYMO (Reactive), OLSR (Proactive) and ZRP (hybrid) protocols are compared for IEEE 802.11(MAC) and IEEE 802.11(DCF) standard using Qualnet as a Simulation tool. Since IEEE 802.11, covers both physical and data link layer. Hence performance of the protocols in these layers helps to make a right selection of Protocol for high speed mobility. Varying parameters of VANET shows that in the real traffic scenarios proactive protocol performs more efficiently for IEEE 802.11 (MAC) and IEEE 802.11(DCF).


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