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Mathematics  2015 

Topology of the tropical moduli spaces $M_{2,n}$

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Abstract:

We study the topology of the link $M^{\mathrm{trop}}_{g,n}[1]$ of the tropical moduli spaces of curves when g=2. Tropical moduli spaces can be identified with boundary complexes for $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$, as shown by Abramovich-Caporaso-Payne, so their reduced rational homology encodes top-weight rational cohomology of the complex moduli spaces $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$. We prove that $M^{\mathrm{trop}}_{2,n}[1]$ is an $n$-connected topological space whose reduced integral homology is supported in the top two degrees only. We compute the reduced Euler characteristic of $M^{\mathrm{trop}}_{g,n}[1]$ for all n, and we compute the rational homology of $M^{\mathrm{trop}}_{2,n}[1]$ when $n \le 8$, determining completely the top-weight $\mathbb{Q}$-cohomology of $\mathcal{M}_{2,n}$ in that range.

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